Mt. Pinatubo Volcano Emergency Response Term Paper by Kien

Mt. Pinatubo Volcano Emergency Response
Explores the manner in which disaster and emergency response operations were handled following the volcanic eruption of Mountain Pinatubo in June 15, 1991.
# 153530 | 3,825 words | 6 sources | MLA | 2013 | KE

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This paper explains that, because everyone is susceptible to disaster and its adverse effects, disaster mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery machineries are vital within every community to reduce the impacts of a catastrophe. Next, the author relates that, even though these machineries that were put in place by the Philippine government prior to the 1991 Mountain Pinatubo volcanic eruption were sufficient, the impact of this disaster was devastating. The paper underscores that, with the rebuilding of the local community, including improvements in their disaster planning, the Mt. Pinatubo region has recovered and people have returned to their original lifestyle. Footnotes are included.

Table of Content:
Early Warning Systems
Evacuation Process
Immediate Response
International Help and the Warning System
Mega Dike
The Warning System
The Concern Training
Social Services, Science and Technology
Significance of International Assistance

From the Paper:

"The low number of deaths reflects advances in Volcanology in the 20th century especially through the use of sophisticated equipments to forecast eruptions and the creation of hazard maps to identify areas at risk from pyroclastic flows, lahars and other volcanic phenomenon. The Pinatubo disaster also highlights challenges of the modern volcanologists to mitigate disaster impacts because they were unable to control the effects of the eruption on global temperature and the economic, culture and religious aspects of the Aeta tribe. The semi-nomadic tribe was forced to move from the region which was their home and their deity. To date, the tribe is till struggling to adapt to the live of Pinatubo region .
"In July 1990, people living approximately 100km northeast of Pinatubo Mountain reported a 7.8 magnitude earthquake and after a few weeks a landslide occurred in the northwest part of the mountain accompanied by billows of steam. The eruptions continued in 1991with vast earthquakes and eruptions occurring in April because the magma had reached the surface of the mountain and caused water to boil. Due to these eruptions, the government established the Professional Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) to monitor the activities of the mountain."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • de Guzman, Emmanuel M. "Eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines in June 1991." (accessed February 14, 2011).
  • Haddow, George D, Jane A Bullock, and Damon P Coppola. Introduction to emergency management. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2007.
  • Haimes, Yacov Y. Risk modeling, assessment, and management. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, 2009.
  • Park, Chris C. The environment: principles and applications. London: Routledge, 2001.
  • Rilley, Benjamin. Disaster and Human History: Case Studies in Nature, Society and Catastrophe. Jefferson: McFarland, 2009.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Mt. Pinatubo Volcano Emergency Response (2013, June 10) Retrieved March 29, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Mt. Pinatubo Volcano Emergency Response" 10 June 2013. Web. 29 March. 2023. <>