Motivation - Theory and Practice
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This paper presents an in-depth discussion about motivation and the various theories and outlooks that have shaped its understanding in today's world. A basic definition of motivation is given, followed by a brief discussion of major scholars and their beliefs on this topic. These thinkers include Darwin, Freud and Maslow, among others. Next, the paper considers various approaches to motivation from the standpoints of different schools of thought, such as cognitive psychology, humanist psychology and equity theory. Lengthy paragraphs further explore each of these philosophies. Finally, the paper applies motivational theories to the work place and how to improve employee performance and output. In particular, it highlights the manager's role in inspiring employees to push themselves and achieve their potential.
From the Paper:"Equity Theory proposes an orientation toward distributive justice based on proportions.
Equity Theory forecasts that people will be uncomfortable in relationships in which their own ratio of inputs to outcomes is not equivalent to the other party's ratio of inputs to outcomes. For example, if one employee puts in 80%of the work and receives 80%of the payoff and a second employee puts in 20%of the work and receives 20% of the outcome, their relationship would be considered equitable, though not equal. It is assumed that even without clear-cut inputs and outputs, people can make a distinction between a relationship in which there is imbalance and one in which there is balance. Thus, the definition of inequity involves the perception of imbalance by either a participant in the relationship or an outside observer. The two types of imbalance created by inequity are referred to as an under reward or under benefit and over reward or over benefit (Kingsley Westerman, Park and Lee, 2007).
"Equity Theory has been helpful in explaining and predicting the types of strategies that people use to maintain their relationships. Research has shown that people are more likely to engage in relationship maintenance behaviors like being nice and cheerful, talking about feelings, and using supportive statements when they are in equitable relationships than in inequitable ones."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Adams' Equity Theory. (2010). Retrieved February 2, 2010, from Mind Tools Web site: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_96.htm
- Equity Theory. (n.d.). Retrieved February 2, 2010, from Web site: https://www.mypoints.com/emp/u/infospaceClick.do?type=1&t=wsclick%3A%2F%2Fcli ckserver%2F_iceUrlFlag%3D1%3FrawURL%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fhome.ubalt.e du%252Ftmitch%252F641%252Fequity%7E1.ppt%260%3D%261%3D0%264%3D67.6 3.58.255%265%3D22.214.171.124%269%3D2f355daa00594599a4c2c9b7dda3ca01%2610 %3D1%2611%3Dmypoints.feed%2613%3Dsearch%2614%3D239138%2615%3Dmain- title%2617%3D3%2618%3D2%2619%3D0%2620%3D1%2621%3D2%2622%3DOfk3a Sst0rQ%253D%2640%3D6hDIaQsa8sOJZUS6%252BphbVg%253D%253D%26_IceUrl %3Dtrue
- Equity Theory. (2010). Retrieved February 2, 2010, from Changing Minds Web site: http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/equity_theory.htm
- Expectancy Theory. (2007). Retrieved February 2, 2010, from Quick MBA Web site: http://www.quickmba.com/mgmt/expectancy-theory/
- Expectancy Theory - Victor Vroom. (2009). Retrieved February 2, 2010, from Value Based Management Web site: http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_vroom_expectancy_theory.html
Cite this Term Paper:
Motivation - Theory and Practice (2012, August 27) Retrieved November 29, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/motivation-theory-and-practice-151671/
"Motivation - Theory and Practice" 27 August 2012. Web. 29 November. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/motivation-theory-and-practice-151671/>