Minority Students and EBD Term Paper by Nicky

A review of the literature on the overrepresentation of minority students with emotional and behavioral disorders.
# 146319 | 1,425 words | 9 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Dec 25, 2010 in Education (Special) , Education (Multiculturalism)

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The paper provides a literature review on the high levels of emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) in minority students. The paper reveals that many times, cultural or linguistic difficulties are the cause of students' difficulties, however, once these students have been identified as having EBD, they will suffer from low achievement in school and failures later on in life. The paper offers the recommendation that various methods be utilized in assisting culturally and linguistically diverse students in the school setting, such as individualized behavior contracts, specialized counseling techniques and culturally appropriate reinforcements.

Disproportionate Representation Defined
Literature Review

From the Paper:

"According to the US Department of Education NCES (2000) African American boys, while representing only 9% of the student enrollment in public schools are represented at a rate of 20% in the category of mental retardation and at a rate of 21% and 12% respectively in the categories of emotional disturbance and learning disability. Watkins and Kurtz (2001) relates that over the past thirty years findings from studies reveal that African American students are overrepresented in special education classrooms for visual and speech impairments, learning disabilities, behavioral disorders, and mental retardation."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Coutinho, M.J. & Oswald, D.P. (1999). Ethnicity and special education research: Identifying questions and methods. Behavioral Disorders, 24, 66-73.
  • Oswald, D.P., Coutinho, M.J., Best, A.M & Singh, N. (1999). Ethnic representation in special education: The influence of economic demographic variables. Journal of Special Education, 32, 194-196.
  • Murtagh, Damien (2003) Investigating the Overrepresentation of Ethnic Minorities in Special Education. Graduate Studies. Online available at: www.lynchburg.edu/documents/GraduateStudies/Journal/MurtaghD.doc
  • U.S. Department of Education. (2000). Twenty-second annual report to Congress on the implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Act. Washington, DC: Author.
  • Watkins A. M. & Kurtz, D. P. (2001). Using solution-focused intervention to address African American males in special education: A case study. Children & Schools, 23(4), 223-235.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Minority Students and EBD (2010, December 25) Retrieved April 19, 2024, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/minority-students-and-ebd-146319/

MLA Format

"Minority Students and EBD" 25 December 2010. Web. 19 April. 2024. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/minority-students-and-ebd-146319/>