Methodological Approaches to Research Term Paper by Hans

A review of the different forms of methodologies that can be used in research.
# 149852 | 3,050 words | 19 sources | APA | 2010 | GB
Published on Jan 04, 2012 in Research Designs (General)

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This paper presents an overview of many methodological approaches which are key to conducting research. The specific methodologies considered include positivism, the interpretive approach and critical methods, as well as qualitative and quantitative forms of research. The paper compares and contrasts these approaches and also considers the case study approach towards research.

Positivism, Interpretive and Critical Methods
Critical Theory
Strengths and Weaknesses
Qualitative vs Quantitative Research
Qualitative Research
Qualitative Research and Positivism
Interview Process
Case Study

From the Paper:

"Positivism, interpretive and critical theory may be seen as three of the major epistemological approaches present in the subject of methodology. In first instance, positivism may be seen as a theoretical approach which emphasises the scientific provenance of an issue. At the heart of the positivist methodology is the principal of "falsification" (Straub 2010). Here, the positivist school of thought argues that a theory can never in truth ever be proven as correct only proven wrong. As such the positivist school of thought focuses on the disproving of a theory, whilst the positivist will never accept that a theory can be proven by such research a given theory may be accepted assuming that it does not fail against a high level of testing over a prolonged period of time.
"Interpretive research, on the other hand, may be seen as taking a entirely different view of the nature of research, here interpretive research does not start with a fixed theory or hypothesis which is to be tested (Rowlands 2005). Instead the interpretive methodology attempts to generate an understanding of an issue taking into account all of the contexts of the research many of which may be qualitative in nature. Critical research on the other hand may be seen as having again a large gap in its approach than that of positivism and is much closer in overall approach to the interpretive methodology."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Alvesson, M, Willmott, H. 1976. Making Sense of Management : A Critical Introduction. London : Sage.
  • Bolton, R. 2005. Habermas's theory of communicative action and the theory of social capital. Williams College MA.
  • Brentsen, K, E, Sampson, J, Osterlie, T. 2010. Interpretive research methods in computer science. Available online at: [Accessed on 20/06/10].
  • British Library. 2010. Quantitative methods in social research. Available online at: [Accessed on 20/06/10].
  • Clark, L, S. 2010. Critical theory and constructivism: Theory and methods for teens and the new media. Available online at: [Accessed on 20/06/10].

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Methodological Approaches to Research (2012, January 04) Retrieved March 02, 2024, from

MLA Format

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