Methadone Treatment - A Literature Review Term Paper by gracielou

Literature review about various treatments for methadone addiction.
# 151774 | 2,058 words | 10 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Sep 25, 2012 in Medical and Health (Drugs) , Psychology (Alcohol and Drugs)

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This paper examines major studies and scholarly articles about treatment for methadone addiction, a drug that is in the opiate family. First, the paper describes the drug and its addictive quality. Then, it cites recent scholarly articles and research studies about treatment. In particular, the paper notes the discovery of the drug buprenorphine which aids in methadone treatment. Next, the paper discusses how and why some people become abuse this drug and become addicted. This includes those addicted to heroin that may undergo the same rehabilitation. The paper concludes with various statistics about successfully overcoming addiction while avoiding the use of other drugs, such as alcohol while undergoing treatment.

From the Paper:

"For those individuals who have not found methadone to be an effective treatment, they have the option to try buprenorphine. Awgu, Magura, & Rosenblum (2010) conducted a study with 114 heroin-dependent inmates from Rikers Island jail in New York City, and randomly assigned the inmates to two different groups; methadone or buprenorphine. Clients of the methadone group reported feeling uncomfortable for a few days and having some side effects, while the only issue reported by the buprenorphine group was the medication had a bitter taste. The conclusion of the study revealed that ninety-three percent of the buprenorphine group stated that they would seek similar treatment once released from jail, while only forty-four percent of the methadone group stated that they would continue treatment. What this study revealed is the importance of providing additional forms of treatment to individuals addicted to heroin in case methadone is not effective for them.
"Buprenorphine is a fairly new drug as it was introduced in 2002 (Awgu, et al., 2010). Since the drug is relatively new, those seeking treatment for heroin addiction may not find it to be a trustworthy option. Loeber, Kniest, Diehl, Mann, & Croissant (2008) tried to determine if ..."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Awgu, E., Magura, S., & Rosenblum, A. (2010). Heroin-Dependent Inmates' Experiences with Buprenorphine or Methadone Maintenance. Journal Of Psychoactive Drugs, 42(3), 339-346.
  • Glasper, A. A., Reed, L. J., de Wet, C. J., Gossop, M. M., & Bearn, J. J. (2005). Induction of patients with moderately severe methadone dependence onto buprenorphine. Addiction Biology, 10(2), 149-155. doi:10.1080/13556210500123126
  • Kelly, S. M., O'Grady, K. E., Brown, B. S., Mitchell, S., & Schwartz, R. P. (2010). The Role of Patient Satisfaction in Methadone Treatment. American Journal Of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 36(3), 150-154. doi:10.3109/00952991003736371.
  • Loeber, S., Kniest, A., Diehl, A., Mann, K., & Croissant, B. (2008). Neuropsychological Functioning of Opiate-Dependent Patients: A Nonrandomized Comparison of Patients Preferring either Buprenorphine or Methadone Maintenance Treatment. American Journal Of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 34(5), 584-593. doi:10.1080/00952990802308239.
  • Mancino, M., Curran, G., Xiaotong, H., Allee, E., Humphreys, K., & Booth, B. M. (2010). Predictors of Attrition from a National Sample of Methadone Maintenance Patients. American Journal Of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 36(3), 155-160. doi:10.3109/00952991003736389.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Methadone Treatment - A Literature Review (2012, September 25) Retrieved April 21, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Methadone Treatment - A Literature Review" 25 September 2012. Web. 21 April. 2021. <>