Mental Retardation: Risk Factors, Prevention and Education Term Paper by ashleymg99

An in-depth look at the causes of mental retardation and strategies for prevention.
# 146178 | 2,342 words | 9 sources | APA | 2009 | US

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In this article, the writer notes that mental retardation (MR) is a complicated disability with profound implications for the diagnosed child as well as within the school setting. The writer discusses that the complexity and nature of MR requires individualized programs to address the needs of students with a MR diagnosis. The writer maintains that as the scientific understanding of MR and its causes increase, educators are better equipped to create educational plans to suit these students, as well as contribute to the prevention of the incidences of MR through education. The writer discusses that the educational needs of MR students are complex and include the adaptive and social skills which are often taken for granted in regular education classes. In addition, current research points to the benefits of inclusion of the MR students into general education programs. This paper contains a table.

From the Paper:

"Symptoms of MR vary, as does the severity. In recent years MR was divided into mild, moderate, severe, and profound levels, but the AAMR now recommends a revised classification scheme of intermittent, limited, extensive, and pervasive. This revised classification is based on the amount of support that is needed by the mentally retarded individual to function. Intermittent is an 'as needed' support system, limited is a consistent and time-limited support, but not in an intermittent nature. Extensive support requires regular involvement in some variety of environments. Pervasive support is constant, high-intensity, and possibly life sustaining. Depending on the school and its available special education program, there may be programs for some or all of these classifications. Regular teachers have little involvement with the extensive and pervasive classifications; but some school psychologists and special education teachers will have more involvement with the more severe classifications."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • American Association on Mental Retardation. (2002). Mental Retardation: Definitions, Classification, and Systems of Supports (10th ed.). Washington, DC.
  • America's Children and the Environment (ACE). Measure D7: Mental Retardation. Data by Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved February 28, 2008 from
  • The Arc of the United States. (2001). Preventing Mental Retardation: A Guide to the Causes of Mental Retardation and Strategies for Prevention. Silver Spring, MD.
  • Center for Disease Control. (2002). Mental Retardation. National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD)
  • Gulf Bend Center. (1995-2008). Mental Retardation: Education and Treatment Settings. Retrieved February 28, 2008 from

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Mental Retardation: Risk Factors, Prevention and Education (2010, December 20) Retrieved July 29, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Mental Retardation: Risk Factors, Prevention and Education" 20 December 2010. Web. 29 July. 2021. <>