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The paper looks at the laws in Australia that have established regulations and codes of practice and discusses how the responsibility of affording health and safety protection lies not only with employers, employees and suppliers but also with the designers and manufacturers of the machinery. The paper discusses three steps in the management of health and safety at work and also discusses how the safety and health guidelines need to be reviewed and brought up-to-date periodically. The paper looks at the role of human error and describes the benefits of robots and the S300 safety laser scanner. Finally, the paper emphasizes that managing health and safety at work is not just a design or engineering issue, but a moral and ethical one as well.
From the Paper:"In Australia, the earliest recorded work-related health hazard was in 1840 by a certain Mr. Parkes who worked in a badly ventilated brass foundry in Sydney and suffered from metal fume fever. The rapidly changing technological and economic scenario in Australian industry has brought up several health and safety challenges. (Fleming; Parker, 81) The manufacturing industry had been in a dismal state of affairs since the industrial revolution took place in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries where workers had to work on dangerous machinery in cramped conditions under poor lighting conditions. However, this sector has changed significantly with considerable inputs from the legal system and the manufacturing engineering sector. (Loosemore; Dainty; Lingard, 17)
"Various laws have been passed which have had an impact not only on occupational health and safety but also on various engineering disciplines like manufacturing and construction engineering. In the UK, the Health and Morals of Apprentices Act (1802), the Factory Act (1833), and the Factory and Workshop Act (1878) were passed mainly to address concerns of the textile manufacturing sector and later extended to other sectors. This was followed much later by the Health and Safety at Work Act (1974) which was passed as a result of the Robens Report. (Stranks, 38)"
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bier, Vicki M; Kunreuther, Howard; Phimister, James R. Accident precursor analysis and management: Reducing technological risk. National Academy of Engineering. 2004.
- Bucciarelli, Louis. Ethics and Engineering Education. October 27, 2007. Retrieved 12 November, 2009 from http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/40284/ethics_20_talk.pdf?sequence=1
- Chiang, Y. H; Raftery, John; Anson, Mike J. The construction sector in the Asian economies. Spon Press. 2004.
- Crowson, Richard. Product Design and Factory Development. CRC Press, 2006.
- Dept of Commerce. Improving safety and health. Govt of Australia. 2007. Retrieved 12 November, 2009 from http://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/WorkSafe/Content/Industries/Manufacturing/Further_information/Improving_safety_and_health.html
Cite this Term Paper:
Management of Health and Safety at Work (2012, June 26) Retrieved July 10, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/management-of-health-and-safety-at-work-151555/
"Management of Health and Safety at Work" 26 June 2012. Web. 10 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/management-of-health-and-safety-at-work-151555/>