Major Depression and its Impact on Children
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The paper discusses the symptoms of major depression and looks at the negative effects of maternal depression on the development of the children. The paper notes that the severity of parental illness, disruption in the household, marital conflict, and parenting problems directly correlates to the impact on the development of psychopathology in the child, but also highlights that the interactive patterns can persist after the disorder is in remission which contributes to the increased risk of emotional and social problems. The paper considers how a family can successfully cope with major depression in a family member, and relates that significant adaptation on the part of the family and the individual may be required. The paper also emphasizes that inclusion of the family in the treatment process increases their ties to support networks and decreases the negative impact that the illness has on family functioning.
From the Paper:"Major depression (MD) is considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be one of the leading causes of disability worldwide with a prevalence of 12 percent in the adult and child populations (WHO, 2001). Further it has been suggested that the lifetime occurrence of major depressive disorder is 17 percent with women ages 18 to 45 making up the largest demographic group (Fear et al., 2009). Due to the fact that this is also the stage in life in which women tend to bear children, this epidemic often coincides with childrearing making it a disorder that many families encounter. MD has been found to be more common in single mothers than their married counterparts (Fear et al., 2009).
"Major depression is an illness that impacts many domains of an individual's life including social and interpersonal relationships, interactions in the home environments, as well as the workplace (Compas et al., 2009). The occurrence of depression in the family can occur repeatedly over the course of several years turning an episodic incident into a long-term family dynamic which challenges all members of the family, their routines, and their way of living (Compas et al., 2009). Major depression has been defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) as an individual who suffers from either a depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities consistently for no less than two weeks (American Psychiatric Association (APA), 2000)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Ahlstrom, B. H., Skarsater, I., & Danielson, E. (2009). Living with major depression: experiences from families' perspectives. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 23(2), 309-316.
- Ahlstrom, B. H., Skarsater, I., & Danielson, E. (2007). Major depression in a family: what happens and how to manage: A case study. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 28(7), 691-706.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (Revised 4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
- Compas, B. E., Forehand, R., Keller, G., Champion, J. E., Rakow, A., Reeslund, K., McKee, L., Fear, J., Colletti, C. J., Hardcastle, R., Merchant, M., Roberts, L., Potts, J., Garai, E., Coffelt, N., Roland, E., Sterba, S. K., & Cole, D. A. (2009). Randomized controlled trial of a family cognitive-behavioral preventive intervention for children of depressed parents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(6), 1007-1020.
- Fear, J. M., Champion, J. E., Reeslund, K. L., Forehand, R., Colletti, C., Roberts, L., & Compas, B. E., (2009). Parental depression and interparental conflict: Children and adolescents' self-blame and coping responses. Journal of Family Psychology, 23(5), 762-766. doi: 10.1037/a0016381.
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Major Depression and its Impact on Children (2013, April 30) Retrieved August 24, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/major-depression-and-its-impact-on-children-152816/
"Major Depression and its Impact on Children" 30 April 2013. Web. 24 August. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/major-depression-and-its-impact-on-children-152816/>