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This paper presents an in-depth discussion on lymphoma, a form of blood cancer, with an emphasis on its risk factors and treatment options. First, the paper defines lymphoma as a general term used for a series of blood cancers that originate in the cells of the immune system. Then it describes the known risk factors for this disease. Additionally, the paper notes the mutation that leads to Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. New research, which has led to greater understanding of lymphoma, is cited in the paper. It also notes the symptoms associated with the disease. Then, the paper describes how once the cancer has been diagnosed including its type and subtype as well as grade and staging, a treatment plan can be formulated. The paper concludes by stating that lymphoma has a very high cure rate. A chart is included in the paper.
From the Paper:"The causes of lymphoma are unknown, but there have been many risk factors identified that coincide with a higher risk of lymphoma. Because the specific cause is unknown, scientists are unable to identify what role the risk factors play in the development of lymphoma. Although risk factors have been identified, most cases of lymphoma develop in people who do not have any risk factors. Many of the risk factors for Non-Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's Lymphoma are the same. Common risk factors include: sex, age, family history, certain infections, weakened immune system and exposure to certain toxins (environmental factors)(Balentine, 2009). Men statistically are at a higher risk than women because incidence rates are higher among men across every type of lymphoma. With age, the incidence and therefore risk of both Hodgkin's and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma generally increase. Hodgkin's lymphoma has a higher incidence in a small age range from 15-29. The reason for this spike in incidence among the age group is widely unknown (see figures 7 and 8)(Altekruse, 2010). Family history of lymphomas can increase one's risk. For Non-Hodgkin's, having a parent or sibling diagnosed can increase the risk by 2 or 3 times the normal risk."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Altekruse SF, Kosary CL, Krapcho M, Neyman N, Aminou R, Waldron W, Ruhl J, Howlader N, Tatalovich Z, Cho H, Mariotto A, Eisner MP, Lewis DR, Cronin K, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Stinchcomb DG, Edwards BK(2010). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2007, National Cancer Institute. Retrieved from http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/nhl.html
- Balentine, J. (2009, January 17). Lymphoma (hodgkin's disease and non-hodgkin's lymphoma). Retrieved from http://www.emedicinehealth.com/lymphoma/article_em.htm
- Cancer Research UK (2003) Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. What is it? Cancer Research UK, United Kingdom. Cancer Help. Retrieved from http://cancerhelp.cancerresearchuk.org/type/non-hodgkins-lymphoma/about/what-is-lymphoma
- Dillon,Hildy. (2004) Disease Information and Support: Lymphoma. Leukemia and Lymphoma Society. Retrieved from http://www.lls.org/#/diseaseinformation/lymphoma/
- Inoue, Randle, Rehg, Zindy. (2011) Dmp1 is haplo-insufficient for tumor suppression and modifies the frequencies of Arf and p53 mutations in Myc-induced lymphomas Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Retrieved from http://www.genesdev.org/cgi/doi/10.1101/gad.929901
Cite this Term Paper:
Lymphoma (2012, March 28) Retrieved July 15, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/lymphoma-150639/
"Lymphoma" 28 March 2012. Web. 15 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/lymphoma-150639/>