Lyme Disease Epidemiology Term Paper by Nicky

An overview of the epidemiology of Lyme disease.
# 151132 | 1,800 words | 5 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on May 23, 2012 in Medical and Health (Public Health Issues)

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The paper looks at the causative agent of the tick-borne spirochaete, the clinical features and symptoms of the disease, its prevalence and environmental factors involved. The paper also explores the risk factors of the disease and preventative measures available. The paper concludes that the rising number of Lyme disease cases, which may in part be due to changing climatic conditions, indicates that prevention strategies must be improved and further studies need to be conducted for additional information on epidemiological factors.

Clinical Features and Incubation
Environmental and Vector Factors
Risk Factors
Preventative Measures

From the Paper:

"Lyme, which is the most frequently reported vector-borne disease in the United States, is most common in the northeastern and north-central regions where deciduous forest ecosystems cross over with suburbs and cities (Kurtenbach, 2006). Ticks are found most in shady, moist areas, near the ground in dead leaves or low weeds. A tick acquires the pathogen from the animal host when taking a blood meal early in the life cycle and can transmit it to humans during a later blood meal. The risk of human exposure to Lyme disease increases with greater abundance and infection prevalence of the carriers, and disease incidence varies from year to year (Public Library of Science, 2006). According to the CDC, Lyme is most prevalent in the Northeast, however it is also found in Massachusetts, New Jersey, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. Canada and Europe have recently been reporting incidence of the disease as well, as are more southern areas of the U.S. In the eastern and central US, the blacklegged tick requires three blood meals, one each as a larva, nymph, and adult, to fulfill its life cycle. When they hatch in midsummer, the larval ticks are not normally infected and begin to seek a host for their first blood meal."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • American Journal of Health Education. (2009) Tick-associated diseases 40(3), 183-1990.
  • Burke, G., Wikel, S., Spielman, A., Telford, S., McKay, K., & Krause, P. (2005) Hypersensitivity to ticks and Lyme disease risk. Emerging Infectious Diseases 11(1), 36-42.
  • Corapi, K., White, M., Phillps, C., Daltroy, L., Shadick, N. & Liang, M. (2007) Strategies for primary and secondary prevention of Lyme Disease Nature Clinical Practice Rheumatology, 20-26
  • Kurtenbach, K., Hanincova, K., Tsao, J., Margos, G., Fish, D. & Ogden, N. (2006). Fundamental processes in the evolutionary ecology of Lyme borreliosis. Nature Reviews Microbiology 4(9), 660-670
  • Public Library of Science Biology. (2006) Climate, deer, rodents, and acorns as determinants of variation in Lyme-disease risk. 4(6), 1058-1170

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Lyme Disease Epidemiology (2012, May 23) Retrieved December 02, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Lyme Disease Epidemiology" 23 May 2012. Web. 02 December. 2023. <>