Late 19th Century Working Class Women Term Paper by Quality Writers

Late 19th Century Working Class Women
This paper discuses literature about research describing working class women in the late 19th century, especially in Montreal and Paris, Ontario.
# 102339 | 2,090 words | 8 sources | MLA | 2008 | US

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This paper explains that, in Bettina Bradbury's research, between 1861 and 1891, mainly French-Canadian women are found living and working in a harsh way, which demanded general resourcefulness to maintain their families' survivals. The author points out that, in contrast, Joy Parr's study of Ontario's industrial towns after 1880 reveals women's closer connections to the waged labor economy. The paper stresses that Bradbury's depiction of working class women in Montreal is convincing and speaks to Canadian women in terms beyond economics or feminism. The author found that, despite much theory referring to positions of gender as somehow unitary, there are dangers in presuming the realities of working class women in the later 19th century. The paper concludes that this literature helps interpret a contemporary Canadian society, which still tends to disadvantage women.

Table of Contents:
Situation versus Culture
Last Remarks

From the Paper:

"Few widows received pension incomes for their husbands had often not had pensions in the forms of employment available to them. A predictable aspect of law so disadvantageous to women was the woman to turn to prostitution for survival or those running brothels or taverns. Joy Parr's work refers to Paris, Ontario and the demand for mainly British factory hands, often women, who were already skilled contributors to factory life before emigration. The idea of women working beyond the home as losing their reputations prevailed in much attention to 'protecting' women in Paris Ontario, as in the Penmans company's payment of quite low wages but also providing recreational and health care services."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Beattie, Betsy. "Dutiful Daughters - Maritime Born Women in New England in the Late 19th Century." Retrospection. 2. 1989: 16-31.
  • Bradbury, Bettina. Working Families - Age, Gender and Daily Survival in Industrializing Montreal. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1993.
  • "Women's Workplaces - the Impact of Technological Change on Working Class Women in the Home and in the Workplace in Nineteenth Century Montreal" in A. Kobayashi. Ed. Women, Work and Place. Montreal and Kingston: McGill - Queen's University Press, 1994, 27-44.
  • Faires, Nora. "Poor Women, Proximate Border - Migrants from Ontario to Detroit in the Late 19th Century." Journal of American Ethnic History. 20. 2001: 88-109.
  • Gagan, David and Rosemary Gagan. "Working Class Standards of Living in Late Victorian Urban Toronto." Canadian Historical Association - Historical Papers. 1990: 171-194.

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"Late 19th Century Working Class Women" 23 March 2008. Web. 09 March. 2021. <>