Kruger National Park-A Brief History and Land Claim Issues Term Paper by Genevieve

Kruger National Park-A Brief History and Land Claim Issues
A brief summary of the history of the Kruger National Park and the controversy over land claims.
# 111547 | 3,097 words | 5 sources | MLA | 2007 | US
Published on Jan 25, 2009 in Environmental Studies (Management) , History (African)

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This paper briefly discusses the history of the Kruger National Park which is considered to be an international icon and represents the heritage of South Africa. The paper also explains that thousands of people had to suffer so that the park could grow and flourish, and thousands of people have been displaced because of the bureaucratic decisions made by officials.The paper also emphasis that the park has a dark history of a war over land as there were land claims from the tribes that once populated the park.

From the Paper:

''The establishment of game reserves in the Transvaal in 1889 before the park was founded as well as more recently is still an issue surrounded by controversy today. Game reserves are considered undemocratic by many due to the fact that the land is closed to the public and only available for use by certain privileged individuals. The governing of game reserves in the Transvaal was not well established at the time, which made it difficult to even define what constituted a game reserve. Those who took part in the establishment of these reserves believed it was a novel idea, and that they should be given credit this new and modern institution, however in actuality, game reserves had a long history going back many centuries. After the South African War from 1899-1902, the already existing game reserves were inherited by the new British government in place, and looked upon as a method of wildlife protection. No real function of these game reserves was ever announced during the life of the Transvaal Republic Government, and this was straightened out during the colonial Transvaal period. It was stated that game reserves were for sportsman, and that they would eventually contribute to the government after the antelope population returned to an adequate number and the reserves would then be open to the public who would pay to hunt. In addition to the colonial citizens, African residents also opposed game reserves because they alienated land and made it impossible to defend themselves from dangerous animals since Africans were not allowed to have weapons. In addition to this, many Africans were evicted from their homes and forced to live on native reserves or "locations", in addition to the fact that they were not allowed access to game as a means of subsistence. Africans were commonly arrested for "being in possession under suspicious circumstances of game meat".

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Amukelani. Assistant Environmental Interpretation and Education Officer of Kruger National Park. People and Conservation. Refrence number AFNP/4.4.6/19(1).00
  • Jane Carruthers, The Kruger National Park: 44.Carruthers, Jane. Kruger National Park: A Social and Political History. Interpak Books: University of Natal Press, 1995. Oosthuizen, A. Go Wild. South African National Parks: Feburary 2007.
  • Document 28. "Radio Telegram from Vladimir Semyonov Providing Situation Reports to Vyacheslav Molotov and Nikolai Bulganin, 17 June 1953, as of 2:00 p.m. CET"
  • Document 87. "Conclusions from the Reports of SED District Leaderships, August 8 1953"

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Kruger National Park-A Brief History and Land Claim Issues (2009, January 25) Retrieved February 23, 2024, from

MLA Format

"Kruger National Park-A Brief History and Land Claim Issues" 25 January 2009. Web. 23 February. 2024. <>