Klaus Barbie - American Intelligence Asset Term Paper by MissB

Klaus Barbie - American Intelligence Asset
A look at the evidence that Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie was helped by the United States.
# 92296 | 2,042 words | 6 sources | MLA | 2006 | CA
Published on Feb 18, 2007 in History (European - World Wars)

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This paper discusses how Klaus Barbie, the infamous "Butcher of Lyons," was an American intelligence asset in the years directly after World War Two. It looks at how both historical documents and the United States government admit that Barbie was used as an informant and how they helped smuggle him and his family to Bolivia, where he escaped justice until 1983.

A Brief History of Klaus Barbie's Wartime Activities
Barbie's Work as an Informant for the Counter Intelligence Corps
Reasoning Behind the Use of Barbie as an Intelligence Asset
Barbie Becomes a Liability
The Decision to Protect Barbie

From the Paper:

"Barbie's fate was the subject of contention between Region XII (the division running Barbie) and CIC headquarters. Headquarters wanted Barbie dropped as an informant; Region XII responded strongly with a case for his continued utilisation. They attacked the case against him by arguing that he was too skillful an interrogator to need to resort to violence. CIC headquarters dropped the matter. At the trial of Rene Hardy in 1950, Barbie's depositions were read into the record, making public for the first time that Barbie was in the US zone being protected by US authorities. His name appeared on the Search and Arrest list used by the German police in the American zone. "Suspending his activities, they nevertheless kept him on the payroll in order to keep him under control and under cover while a frantic debate went on as to his disposition." The CIC faced an unappetizing choice: turn Barbie over and risk the exposure of the CIC's organization and tactics to the French, which the CIC considered equivalent to turning him over to the Soviets, or getting rid of him. "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Allan Ryan. Klaus Barbie and the United States Government, A Report to the Attorney General of the United States. (Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983), 21
  • Linklater et al. The Nazi Legacy: Klaus Barbie and the International Fascist Connection. (New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1985), 324-325.
  • Grey, Alfred E. "The American Counter Intelligence Corps Contributed Greatly to Allied Victory Through Effective Espionage Efforts." World War II 12, no. 5 (1998): 68-72. Academic Search Elite (February 15, 2005).
  • Comptroller General of the United States. Nazis and Axis Collaborators Were Used To Further U.S. Anti-Communist Objectives In Europe-Some Immigrated To The United States. (Washington D.C.: United States General Accounting Office, 1985), 20
  • Tom Bower Klaus Barbie: Butcher of Lyons. (London: Michael Joseph, 1984), 134

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APA Format

Klaus Barbie - American Intelligence Asset (2007, February 18) Retrieved July 12, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/klaus-barbie-american-intelligence-asset-92296/

MLA Format

"Klaus Barbie - American Intelligence Asset" 18 February 2007. Web. 12 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/klaus-barbie-american-intelligence-asset-92296/>