Keys to Successful Aging Term Paper by scribbler

Keys to Successful Aging
A look at the definition of and keys to successful aging.
# 153240 | 2,138 words | 4 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on May 09, 2013 in Aging (Gerontology) , Psychology (General)

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The paper examines several models of successful aging, including the selective optimization with compensation model (SOC-model), the five-factor model and Kanfer's expectancy-based model of motivational processing. The paper shows how successful aging involves avoidance of disease and disability, with proper diet, nutrition and exercise, maintaining high levels of physical and cognitive functioning, and remaining occupied in social and productive activities. This paper demonstrates that successful older people are growth-focused throughout their lives and remain productive until the end, while being prepared to adapt to change instead of fighting it.

Introduction: Definition of Successful Aging
Growth: A Core Element of Successful Aging
The Five Factor Personality Model and Successful Aging
Aging and Work Motivation
Discussion and Conclusion

From the Paper:

"In 1963, Havighurst defined successful aging as possessing inner feelings of happiness and being content with one's past and present performance (Ouwehand, de Ridder, Bensing, 2007). Ryff's (1989) new set of criteria also involved itself with the individual being immersed in growth and progress in his older age. He presented six dimensions of successful aging: acceptance, positive relations with others, autonomy, control over one's environment, purpose in life, and personal growth. Rowe and Kahn (1997) added another three dimensions: (1) people have to adopt a healthy life in order to avoid disease and disability; (2) individuals have to maintain and upgrade their cognitive and physical functioning capacities; and (3) successfully aging individuals are those who are actively enthralled and absorbed in a living.
"One of the leading models of successful aging is the Selective Optimization with Compensation model (SOC-model) developed by P. Baltes and M. Baltes (1990), that posited that ageing may best be perceived as a heterogeneous process that has many different pathways and outcomes. The SOC model focuses on describing the process rather than exclusively accentuating the outcomes as previous models had done.
"According to this SOC model, people select life domains that are important to them, maximize the resources that enable them to find satisfaction in these domains, compensate for their losses in the biological, psychological, and socio-economic factors of their lives, and increasingly focus on compensation rather than on their loss (Baltes, 1997)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Baltes, P. B.,&Baltes, M. M. (1990). Psychological perspectives on successful aging: The model of selective optimization with compensation. In P. B. Baltes & M.M. Baltes (Eds.), Successful aging: Perspectives from the behavioral sciences (pp. 1-34). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Cherry, K.E. & Smith, D.E. (1998). Handbook of clinical geropsychology. NY: Plenum Press.
  • Deci , E. L. , and Ryan , R. M. ( 2000 ). The what and why of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior . Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227 -268
  • Freund , A. M. , and Baltes , P. B. ( 2000). Selection, optimization, and compensationas strategies of life management: Correlations with subjective indicators of successful aging . Psychology and Aging, 13 , 531 -543.
  • Freund , A. M. , and Riediger , M. ( 2006 ). Goals as building blocks of personalityand development in adulthood. In D. K. Mroczek and T. D. Little (eds.), Handbook of personality development (pp. 353-372). Mahwah, NJ : Erlbaum

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APA Format

Keys to Successful Aging (2013, May 09) Retrieved January 25, 2021, from

MLA Format

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