Juvenile Justice Policies: Retribution or Rehabilitation?
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The paper looks at serious violent juveniles (SVJs) who are perceived as being dangerous and have a history of continual engagement in criminal activity, and discusses how over the last few decades, there has been much political pressure to transfer these youth to the adult criminal justice system where they can be sanctioned in accordance with their crime. The paper looks at the successes of intervention strategies and shows how those interventions that have proven to be effective are multi-faceted, addressing all aspects of a youth's life, while also targeting treatments at the individual needs of the juvenile. The paper draws the conclusion that public policy will need to shift away from ineffective punitive approaches and instead focus efforts on multi-faceted prevention and intervention strategies.
Juvenile Justice Policies Discussion
Juvenile Justice Policies Discussion
From the Paper:"In the United States, we have an intolerance of persons or groups that significantly vary from acceptable social norms. This intolerance often results in the imposing of American views and traditions on different groups oftentimes against their will. This has been particularly evident in the political and justice system throughout history.
"Native Americans have been the target of such intolerance and this has extended to the treatment of children. Rather than make an effort to understand the beliefs and customs of this group, Americans decided that they needed to be assimilated to American traditions and enforced this in many ways. One major goal of American politics was to ensure that assimilation occurred in the Native American children. It was believed that if children were taken from their homes and placed in situations surrounded by Americans and void of any Native American traditions then they would be okay (Jacobs, 2004). This thought process was utilized to justify the removal of Native American children from their homes and placing them in boarding schools and foster homes so that they may be properly educated. According to Jacobs (2004), this concept originated in 1875 through Captain Richard Henry Pratt who proposed to rehabilitate Native American prisoners by cutting their hair, changing their clothes to military uniforms and instituting a regime of discipline."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bilchick, S. (1998). Serious and violent juvenile offenders. Juvenile Justice Bulletin, 2-9.
- Caldwell, M. F., & Van Rybroek, G. J. (2005). Reducing violence in serious juvenile offenders using intensive treatment. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 28, 622-636. doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2004.07.001
- Jacobs, M. D. (2004). A battle for the children: American Indian child removal in Arizona in theera of assimilation. Journal of Arizona History, 45, 31-62.
- MacEachron, A. E., & Gustavsson, N. (2005). Contemporary policy challenges for Indian child welfare. Journal of Poverty, 9(2), 43-62.
- Schaeffer, C. M., & Borduin, C. M. (2005). Long-term follow-up to a randomized clinical trial of multisystemic therapy with serious and violent juvenile offenders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(3), 445-453.
Cite this Term Paper:
Juvenile Justice Policies: Retribution or Rehabilitation? (2013, February 22) Retrieved September 28, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/juvenile-justice-policies-retribution-or-rehabilitation-152487/
"Juvenile Justice Policies: Retribution or Rehabilitation?" 22 February 2013. Web. 28 September. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/juvenile-justice-policies-retribution-or-rehabilitation-152487/>