Juvenile Justice and Native American Children Term Paper by Nicky

An examination of the removal of children of color from their homes by the juvenile justice system.
# 150162 | 1,642 words | 5 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jan 29, 2012 in Sociology (Welfare) , Criminology (Juvenile Justice) , Child, Youth Issues (General)

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The paper examines the historical policy of removing Native American children from their homes and placing them in residential schools and then looks at the issue of seriously violent juveniles (SVJs) and whether there are similar arguments that can be made for removal of children from their homes. The paper also explores what proposals have been made about SVJs and how advanced the policy is in terms of its application and implementation. The paper shows how the juvenile justice worker is faced with many dilemmas concerning the placement of children of color with guardians when they are removed from the home of their biological parents.

Dakota-Lakota-Nakota DLN Coalition Working Groups
Impacts of Transracial Placement on Children
Serious and Violent Juveniles (SVJs)
Disproportionate Representation of Minority Children in Home Removal
Difference between Disparity and Disproportionality
Summary and Conclusion

From the Paper:

"It is not only Native American children who are disproportionately represented in the children removed from their homes and families and in fact, all minority children are disproportionately represented in cases in which the child has been removed from their home, family and community. Facts that emphasize this finding include those listed as follows: (1) African American children, who comprised 15% of the U.S. child population in 1999, constituted 45% of the children in substitute care. Conversely, white children, who comprised 60% of the child population, accounted for 36% of children in out-of-home care (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000). (2) Of those requiring substitute care, most African American children (56%) are placed in foster care, while most white children (72%) receive in-home services (Annie E. Casey Foundation, 1999; HHS, 1999). African American children remain in foster care for longer periods of time (U.S. Children's Bureau, 1997). (3) Five major studies in four states between 1990 and 1999 revealed that white children are four times more likely than African American children to be reunified with their families, and they are reunited more quickly. Reunification rates in San Diego were lower among Hispanic children than for white children. And (4) Disproportionate numbers of children who are reunified return to foster care, with "race of the child" identified as one of five strong variables in decision-making. (Green, 2002)"

Sample of Sources Used:

  • For the Children in Exile (2009) DLN Issues: Native Child and Family Rights. DLN Coalition Working Group on Native Child and Family Rights and Resources and DLN Issues, Juvenile Justice. Dakota-Lakota-Nakota Human Rights Advocacy Coalition. Available online at: http://www.dlncoalition.org/dln_issues/native_child_family_rights.htm. Accessed 12 Sept 2009.
  • Green, Michelle Y. (2002) Minorities as Majority: Disproportionality in Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice. CWLA. Online available at: http://www.cwla.org/articles/cv0211minorities.htm. Accessed 12 Sept. 2009.
  • Wright, Richard and Thomas, Judge Wadie Jr. (2009) Disproportionate Representation: Communities of Color in the Domestic Violence, Juvenile Justice, and Child Welfare Systems. National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. Juvenile and Family Court Journal. Vol. 54, Issue 4. Online available at: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/121472571/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0. Accessed 12 Sept. 2009.
  • Racial Equity and Subsidized Guardianship: Critical Issues in Child Welfare Policy and Practice Online available at: http://www.jimcaseyyouth.org/docs/racial_equality.pdf
  • Bilchik, Shay (1997) Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Online available at: http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/15/e9/0c.pdf

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Juvenile Justice and Native American Children (2012, January 29) Retrieved September 29, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/juvenile-justice-and-native-american-children-150162/

MLA Format

"Juvenile Justice and Native American Children" 29 January 2012. Web. 29 September. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/juvenile-justice-and-native-american-children-150162/>