IT and the Construction Industry Term Paper by Master Researcher

IT and the Construction Industry
A brief look at the use of information technology (IT) in construction projects.
# 37679 | 1,900 words | 5 sources | MLA | 2002 | US

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This paper considers how the construction industry uses information technology (IT) to reduce costs and make jobs more efficient. The paper explains that projects both large and small are becoming increasingly complex, and they require more effective coordination between team members. The paper discusses how IT can promote coordination and will improve the construction, speed up the process and save money.

From the Paper:

"For those uncertain of how to use IT in construction, a seminar was held in 1995 at Stanford University. This was the
12th Annual International Workshop on Computer Integrated Construction at which 75 researchers from 20 countries discussed a number of ways to apply advanced computer and information technology to the construction industry, discussing innovations which hold promise for substantially speeding up the rate at which buildings are constructed, improving the quality of construction, and reducing costs. Among the ideas and applications presented at this meeting were the following:
--A project to automate the production of rebar for reinforced concrete construction projects
--Software that automatically plans the routing of pipes for planned industrial facilities
--Computer simulation tools that managers can use to organize their operations.
"However, it was also stated at the conference that the use of advanced information technology has lagged in the construction field because every project is unique because of social factors, and analysis and modeling tools are therefore not as advanced as they are in other fields. A second limiting factor cited is the boom and bust economic cycle to which the industry is subject, making it hard for companies to maintain consistent technological progress. It is also true that construction tends to attract hard headed, entrepreneurial people who want to do things their own way. It was stated that if these barriers could be overcome, "the application of new information technology in the construction field will have numerous benefits" ("New Information Technology Slowly Transforming Construction Industry")."

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