Is Watson's "Theory of Human Caring" Practical? Term Paper by scribbler

Is Watson's "Theory of Human Caring" Practical?
A brief review of the merits and criticism of Jean Watson's "Theory of Human Caring".
# 152981 | 1,049 words | 10 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on May 01, 2013 in Medical and Health (Nursing)

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The paper relates that Jean Watson's "Theory of Human Caring" represents a dramatic paradigm shift, and as a result, it has been a source of considerable controversy since its introduction. The paper lists the ten carative factors of Watson's theory and explains the criticism concerning this theory's practicality in modern nursing practice and the difficulty in understanding its terminology and ideas. The paper concludes that this universal theory is both intellectually and emotionally attractive, and seems to embody the very principles of health care.

From the Paper:

"Jean Watson views nursing as both an art and a science, which has the goal of preserving the worth of humankind through the process of caring. Caring is the essence of nursing and a moral ideal: Caring...has to become a will, an intention, a commitment, and a conscious judgment that manifests itself in concrete acts. Human care, as a moral ideal, also transcends the act and goes beyond the act of an individual nurse and produces collective acts of the nursing profession that have important consequences for human civilization (Watson, 1988, p. 32).
"Also, Watson stresses the subjectivity of the human experience, and uses the term phenomenal field to describe a person's individual frame of reference, influenced by past experiences, which can never be truly known by another person. Another aspect of Watson's theory is transpersonal caring, in which nurse and patient coparticipate in the goal of achieving health (Watson, 1988, p. 70). Watson (1988) defines health as harmony between mind, body and soul, and illness as a subjective disharmony between mind, body, and soul. As well, integral to Watson's theory are the 10 carative factors that serve as a "framework for providing a structure and order for nursing phenomena" (Watson, 1997, p. 50)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Cohen, J. (1991). "Two portraits of caring: a comparison of the artists - Leininger and Watson." Journal of Advanced Nursing, 16, 899-909. Cited in:
  • Kozier, B., Erb, G. & Blais, K. (1997), Professional nursing practice (3rd edition), Addison-Wesley.
  • McCance, T., (1999). "Caring: Theoretical perspectives of relevance to nursing. "Journal of Advanced Nursing, 30(6), 1388-1395. Cited in:
  • Sourial, S. (1996). "An analysis and evaluation of Watson's theory of humancare." Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(2): 400-404. Cited in:
  • Walker, C. (1996). "Coalescing the theories of two nurse visionaries: Parse and Watson." Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24, 988-996. Cited in:

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