Institutionalization of Gender Inequality Term Paper by Lucia

Institutionalization of Gender Inequality
An examination of the presence of gender equality on an institutional level.
# 129227 | 1,635 words | 16 sources | APA | 2010 | US

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This paper examines how gender inequality is present on an institutional level based on the implications of the glass ceiling effect and work-family conflict. The paper also scrutinizes the systems in society that reinforce gender inequality, such as law and policy, and asserts that gender inequality is more than an individual problem or a personal prejudice. The paper explains that the work-family conflict and glass ceiling effect are just the very few examples that demonstrate how gender inequality is embedded into the systems of society, rather than merely an individual problem or personal prejudice. The argument in this paper is supported by an array of empirical research, concluding that by adapting to this institutional perspective and inclusive lens of viewing gender inequality, we can become change agents to dismantle oppression.

Work-Family Conflict
Glass Ceiling Concept

From the Paper:

"Women's participation in the labor has risen in the past decade. "In 2002, more than 60% of women age 20 years and older were engaged in paid labor; their participation having risen 13% over the course of the preceding 20 years" (Winslow 2005: 727). Such an increase of women in the workplace is an implication that our society has grown to accept women in the labor market. Despite such social change, we still live in a biased society where its institutions are configured by cultural norms that confine women (Blair-Loy 2004). This is demonstrated through the work-family conflict concept, which asserts the idea that balancing work and domestic responsibilities may be problematic and especially for women (Winslow 2005)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Andersen and Collins. 2010. Race, Class and Gender. California: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
  • Baxster and Wright. 2000. "The Glass Ceiling Hypothesis: A Comparative Study of the United States, Sweden and Australia." Gender and Society. Vol. 14 No.2, 275-294.
  • Blair-Loy, M., & Wharton, A. S. (2002). Employees' use of work-family policies and the workplace social context. Social Forces, 80, 813-845.
  • Cohen, Huffman, and Knauer: 2009. "Stalled Progress? Gender Segregation and Wage Inequality Among Managers, 1980-2000." Work and Occupations 36(4) 318-342.
  • Coltrane, S. (1996). Family man: Fatherhood, housework, and gender equity. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Institutionalization of Gender Inequality (2010, September 22) Retrieved February 23, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Institutionalization of Gender Inequality" 22 September 2010. Web. 23 February. 2020. <>