Human Rights Principles and NGOs Term Paper by Master Researcher

Human Rights Principles and NGOs
A discussion on ten human rights principles and the role of human rights NGOs.
# 37775 | 1,900 words | 2 sources | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Nov 18, 2003 in Sociology (General) , Law (General)

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The paper outlines ten principles the Chairman's Commission on Human Rights has endeavored to establish. These include poverty and housing, adequate housing, education, freedom of thought and expression, democracy, women's rights, the rights of the indigenous people, HIV/AIDS, arbitrary arrest, detention or exile and terrorism. The paper then looks at NGOs and transnational networks and how they differ from state institutions. Finally, the paper discusses what impacts the effectiveness of NGOs.

Human Rights Principles
NGOs and Human Rights Issue

From the Paper:

"NGOs and transnational networks differ from state institutions in one important respect--they are heterogeneous whereas state institutions are homogeneous. It is no wonder that penal codes in many African and Asian colonies are the same due to their common colonial background, but the nature of human rights violation in those states is different. The advantage of the NGOs is that they capture the difference and focus on unique human rights issue based on their understanding of human rights.
"Human rights are subject to daily threats in all states by the state institutions (Brigaldino), which means besides strengthening legal arrangements, there have to be some mechanisms for monitoring the application of the legal arrangements. Most NGOs have evolved to monitor different aspects of human rights protection and violation. Most of them are narrow in their focus and that is one of the reasons why there is so much of diversity in NGO activities. What is common among human rights NGOs is that they are engaged in re-examining human rights principles and definitions, and therefore they are always in confrontation with state institutions, which rely on universal principles. NGOs operate under the legal framework of the state and therefore never overcome the constraints the state puts on them. By the same token, they are not capable of imposing their perceptions and definitions of human rights on state institutions."

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