Human Cloning: The Pros and Cons Term Paper by ResearchRiter

Human Cloning: The Pros and Cons
A review of the controversy surrounding organ cloning.
# 127240 | 3,750 words | 9 sources | MLA | 2008 | US
Published on Dec 01, 2008 in Hot Topics (Cloning)

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The paper explores human cloning for the purpose of harvesting organs and discusses the pros and cons of this practice. The paper then debates whether or not harvesting human cloned organs should be permitted. The paper includes an outline and an annotated bibliography.

Human Cloning
Pros and Cons of Human Cloning for Organs
Regulation of Human Cloning
Should Harvesting of Human Cloned Organs be Permitted?
Summary and Conclusions

From the Paper:

"Human cloning refers to the creating of an identical copy of a human being, human tissue, or a human cell with scientific methods. Human cloning using somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is defined as the "transferring of a nucleus of a human somatic cell into an oocyte from which the nucleus has been removed or rendered inert" (Kim 647). Thus, human cloning by fusion uses the nucleus of a cell and transfers it to an egg that has had the nucleus removed. This placement reprograms the nucleus of the DNA and replicates the whole individual or owner of the original egg (Savulescu 89). Immune-matched human embryonic stem cells, tissues, and organs are important for the treatment of disease and stem cell transplantation (Hwan, Roh, Lee, and Kang 1777; Savulescu 88). However, cloning is also said to be an inefficient process that requires many eggs to yield one clone (Dennis 252). Literally hundreds of human eggs are needed for this process which is more difficult that originally stated by researcher Woo Suk Hwang in South Korea (Dennis 252). However while the process may be difficult, outcomes of cloning research may be worth it."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Berlinguer, Giovanni. "Bioethics, Health, and Inequality." The Lancet 364.9439 (2004): 1086-1091.
  • Blackburn, Elizabeth. "Thoughts of a Former council member." Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 8.2 (2005): 172-180.
  • Dennis, Carina. "Cloning: Mining the Secrets of the Egg." Nature 439.7077 (2006): 652.
  • Galletti, Matteo. "Begetting, Cloning and Being Human: Two National Commission Reports Against Human Cloning from Italy and the U.S.A." HEC Forum 18.2 (2006): 156.
  • Hwang, Woo Suk, Sung Il Roh, Byeong Chun Lee, Sung Keun Kang, and et al. "Patient-Specific Embryonic Stem Cells Derived from Human SCNT Blastocysts." Science 308.5729 (2005): 1777-1783.

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