Homicide, Assault and Family Violence
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The paper explains the definition of criminal homicide and its categories of murder and non-negligent manslaughter, and discusses both the disproportionate representation of African Americans in the arrest and conviction data for homicide and the association between homicide and gender. The paper looks at the research that shows how children born into adverse neighborhoods and disadvantaged family contexts are at high risk for violence, either as offenders or victims. The paper specifically discusses how children who begin school with deficits in social and cognitive skills, suffer a lack of parental monitoring and experience family abuse, substance abuse and alcohol abuse are at high risk to engage in antisocial and violent behavior. Finally, the paper looks at family violence as another prominent factor in the backgrounds of juvenile homicide offenders.
From the Paper:"Criminal homicide is causing the death of another person without legal justification or excuse. Legally it is divided into two categories: murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. The term murder is reserved for the unlawful killing of one human being by another with malice aforethought, either expressed or implied. Malice aforethought refers to premedication, or the mental state of a person who thinks ahead, plans and voluntarily causes the death of another. Negligent manslaughter is killing another as a result of recklessness or culpable negligence. Although there is no intent to kill, the law says one should have known that their actions could result in the death of another. Aggravated assault is the intentional infliction of bodily injury on another person, or an attempt to inflict such injury. An assault or attack becomes aggravated assault when the intention is to inflict serious bodily injury.
"Researchers have found that a variety of demographic factors are strongly associated, or correlated with criminal homicide. These factors may be characteristics of the offenders or the victims. One of the most consistent findings reported in the criminology literature is that African Americans in the United States are involved in criminal homicide, both as offenders and as victims, at a rate that significantly exceeds their numbers in the general population."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bartol, Curt R. and Bartol, Anne M. (2010). Homicide, Assault and Family Violence. Criminal Behavior: A Psychological Approach. (p. 53-84). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Cite this Term Paper:
Homicide, Assault and Family Violence (2013, March 19) Retrieved August 22, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/homicide-assault-and-family-violence-152572/
"Homicide, Assault and Family Violence" 19 March 2013. Web. 22 August. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/homicide-assault-and-family-violence-152572/>