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The paper relates that social welfare in the United States is based on the social-policy tradition of England. The paper reviews the evolution of England's poor laws and shows how the system for organized relief provision in the US evolved from very basic and modest government assistance in the pre-Civil War era to the existing welfare system that is seen to be complex and taking its toll on the national coffers. The paper questions whether the welfare system has worked for America's children in light of the fact that since the welfare system's inception, there has been an increase in the number of needy children.
From the Paper:"Social welfare draws its beginnings from the reforms sought in light of the economic and political development in most European and North American countries, which led to the passage social legislations that created the social-welfare system such as in the case of England (Quigley 1996; Workhouse - The Story of Workhouses n.d.). This social system comprehensively covers areas of health care both for adult and child welfare, income maintenance programs such as employment/unemployment insurance, pensions, and tax benefits. While both government and private entities may provide these services as part of the system, in most cases, it is government that largely provides and manages the funds for the system. A survey of the social-welfare history points to the development of social welfare in England (Darkwa 1997; Quigley 1996; The Social Welfare History Project n.d.; and Workhouse - The Story of Workhouses n.d.). Darkwa (1997) provides a periodization of social welfare starting from "simple acephalous societies" up to the post-industrial era (p. 1)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Darkwa, Osei. "History of Social Welfare." University of Illinois at Chicago. November 25, 1997. http://www.uic.edu/classes/socw/socw550/HISWEL/ (accessed January 18, 2009).
- Gordon, Linda. "Social Welfare History Project: Child Welfare: An Overview." The Social Welfare History Project. December 2006. http://www.socialwelfarehistory.org/tiki-index.php?page=Child+Welfare%3A+An+Overview (accessed January 18, 2009).
- Quigley, William P. University of Akron. - -, 1996. www.uakron.edu/law/docs/quigley.pdf (accessed January 18, 2009).
- Social Welfare History. Social Welfare History. www.socialwelfarehistory.org.
- The Social Welfare History Project. "Introduction." The Social Welfare History Project. http://www.socialwelfarehistory.org/tiki-index.php (accessed January 18, 2009).
Cite this Term Paper:
History of Social Welfare (2010, November 18) Retrieved October 05, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/history-of-social-welfare-145623/
"History of Social Welfare" 18 November 2010. Web. 05 October. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/history-of-social-welfare-145623/>