History of Islam
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The paper details the history of Islam and points out that while it borrows much from its predecessor faiths, Christianity and Judaism, Islam represents a significant divergence from both Christianity and Judaism. The paper discusses Islam's Five Pillars, six articles of faith and other beliefs that are central to the faith. The paper also looks at how Islam experienced a period of enlightenment when it became a major hub of academic development.
From the Paper:"Abu Bakr's successor Umar/Omar became the second Caliph and under Umar, Islam spread as far north as Syria and Palestine. In 637, Islam and Christianity experienced their first significant showdown when Islam defeated the Byzantine presence in Jerusalem. When Umar died, the third Caliph was Uthman. Uthman was assassinated after he "ordered a complete revision of the Quran," ("What is Islam"). The growing tensions did not cease and only grew worse when the fourth Caliph was named Ali: Muhammad's son in law and Fatima's husband. He, too, was murdered. His reign lasted only two years. Therefore, the religion of Islam experienced a bloody beginning. The factions of Shi'a and Sunni emerged after the assassination of Ali. Shi'a literally means "faction," and Shi'a Muslims were and still are those who believed that Ali was the righteous successor of Muhammad (Voll)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- BBC. "Introduction: The Prophet Muhammad." Religion and Ethics: Islam. Retrieved April 29, 2009 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/history/muhammad_1.shtml
- Hakim, Salman. "History of Islam." 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2009 from http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/religion/islam/history.html
- PBS. Islam: Empire of Faith. Retrieved April 29, 2009 from http://www.pbs.org/empires/islam/faithbelief.html
- Robinson, B.A. "Islam." Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2009 from http://www.religioustolerance.org/isl_intr.htm
- Siddiqui, Mona. "Abraham in Islam." Religion and Ethics: Islam. Retrieved April 29, 2009 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/history/ibrahim.shtml
Cite this Term Paper:
History of Islam (2011, October 09) Retrieved May 23, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/history-of-islam-148291/
"History of Islam" 09 October 2011. Web. 23 May. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/history-of-islam-148291/>