Haussmannization and the Redevelopment of Paris
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The city of Paris has a long and significant history in the western world. Like any major cultural center, much has been written of the city itself, as well as of its many transformations over the years. This paper focuses on the period of time during which Baron Georges-Eugene Haussmann was given the task of bringing about change and order to Paris under the reign of Napoleon III in order to analyze and interpret this period of transformation in the history of this complex urban entity. In order to address this question, the readings of Giedion, Harvey, and Olsen are drawn upon and explored.
Haussmann's Redevelopment of Paris
Haussmann's Redevelopment of Paris
From the Paper:"During the period of transformation we have come to know as "haussmannization," Paris, already a great cultural city that attracted visitors and new residents from far and wide, underwent a series of changes that resulted in a new, modern center of civilization. Many of these changes were conscious efforts to modernize the city, to accommodate its growing and changing population in calculated ways. As Olsen has stated, "the health of Paris depended not on what happened in any particular quarter but on its growth and vitality as a total organism" (p. 52). A large portion of these changes were planned and instituted by Haussmann; his influences have largely defined the city since the days of the Industrial Revolution. They have also been the subject of scrutiny by scholars from a number of disciplines, all of whom have sought to better understand the urban environment in its many complex and interrelated facets.
"The most convincing interpretation of the complex transformations associated with this period in Parisian history must take in a number of discrete factors. Some of these are based on practical and realistic needs of urban dwellers in Paris at the time. Some are very much rooted in the mythology of the city itself, and of Paris in particular, for the city has always had an identity of its own throughout its tumultuous history. Still others are economic and political in nature: the vagaries of power and the forceful and idiosyncratic tendencies of those who hold it often impact urban environments in ways that, although difficult to measure in any quantifiable way, are nonetheless important to its development and growth. "To the degree that Louis Napoleon appeared to be a compromise whom each faction thought could be controlled," asserts Harvey, "he was put in a position where he could play off popular will, factionalism, and traditional loyalties to the Napoleonic legend (particularly in the army), and thus consolidate a very personal power" (Harvey, p. 98)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Giedion, S. Space, Time and Architecture: The Growth of a New Tradition. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press: 2008.
- Harvey, D. Paris, Capital of Modernity. New York: Routledge, 2003.
- Olsen, D. The City as a Work of Art. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1988.
Cite this Term Paper:
Haussmannization and the Redevelopment of Paris (2010, May 30) Retrieved July 10, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/haussmannization-and-the-redevelopment-of-paris-119923/
"Haussmannization and the Redevelopment of Paris" 30 May 2010. Web. 10 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/haussmannization-and-the-redevelopment-of-paris-119923/>