Getulio Vargas and Brazilian Reform
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The paper relates that President Getulio Vargas is often called the father of Brazil's urban poor because of his efforts to politically enfranchise this economic interest group and to industrialize the nation as a whole. The paper describes how Vargas' reforms transformed 20th century Brazil from a land dominated by wealthy landowners to a more representational and democratic republic. The paper points out while he was not democratic, he was still greatly beloved.
From the Paper:"In 1929, after the world economy collapsed, Brazil suffered more than most nations because of its exclusive dependence upon the cash crops of coffee and rubber. The United States raised interest rates on Brazil's loans, which further reduced the ability of the Latin American government to buy surplus coffee and keep the international price of the good artificially high. Also, the federal government of Brazil had few defined powers--Brazil was more of a confederation than a nation. When Vargas came to power in 1930 as president Brazil still had a very weak central government. Agricultural rather than urban elements dominated the local seats of government and the nation's government depended upon the taxes from agricultural exports.
"Vargas originally ran as a reform candidate, but when he was defeated, his supporters overthrew the ruling government, which was popularly elected but dominated by social and economic elites. Vargas, although he claimed to represent the interests of 'the people,' effectively ruled with unchecked authority from then onward, without needing to submit his policies for approval by the legislature. His official title was that of provisional president from 1930-1934, after which he was elected president by the constituent assembly. Vargas was challenged unsuccessfully by forces on both his left and right during this period, including a Sao Paulo-led revolt in 1932, and an attempted communist revolution in 1935, which was then followed by a fascist revolt in 1938."
Sample of Sources Used:
- "The Getulio Vargas administration in Brazil." Essortment.com. June 6, 2009.http://www.essortment.com/all/getuliovargasb_rmox.htm
- Poppino, Rollie E. "Getulio Vargas." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. June 6, 2009 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/623309/Getulio-Vargas>.
Cite this Term Paper:
Getulio Vargas and Brazilian Reform (2011, November 15) Retrieved January 27, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/getulio-vargas-and-brazilian-reform-148944/
"Getulio Vargas and Brazilian Reform" 15 November 2011. Web. 27 January. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/getulio-vargas-and-brazilian-reform-148944/>