Forms of Project Management Term Paper by Nicky

Forms of Project Management
A review of the different forms of organizational structures that can be used to manage projects.
# 149692 | 2,422 words | 10 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Dec 28, 2011 in Business (Management)

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The paper looks at the history of project management and then explores the various organization structures available. The paper outlines the functional organization structure, the three variations of the pure project organization and their disadvantages and the matrix organization and its problems. The paper concludes by pointing out that project management structures can and must be modified to fit the situation if the current form is not working.

History of Project Management
Is There an Ideal Organizational Structure to Manage Projects?
Functional Organization Structure
Pure Project Organization
Variations of Pure Project
Disadvantages of Pure Project Organization
Matrix Organization
Problem with Matrix Organization
Conclusion--How to Decide What Project Organization Structure to Use

From the Paper:

"We think of project management associated with business, but, for ease of reference, we can look at some of mankind's greatest achievements like the pyramids in Egypt, or the Sphinx. The Great Wall of China is a prime example. All of these could be designated completed projects. And many modern structures could be considered project managed as well. However, times have changed, and, since 1900, the modern form of project management began to rear its head.
"Prior to 1900, there really was no project management profession. There was no need for one. People were cheap and could be thrown at whatever projects needed to be done. Urgency wasn't driven by the hectic pace of today where everything needed to be done yesterday. There was little management structure in most corporations. Remember, back then the big bosses ran companies and their word was the law and the Bible.
"But around the turn of the century, the age of industrialization bloomed big time. Management science was introduced to more effectively and formally allow corporations to utilize scientific research principles, mathematic modeling, statistics, and strategy modeling to ensure they reached the optimal business decisions. People began to actually study "work" and the people at work. Critical path networks were first developed. All of this went on over the first half of the 1900s (Lock, 2007)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • (n.d.). Project management. Retrieved July 29, 2009, from (cited)
  • Forsberg, K., Mooz, H., & Cotterman, H. (2005). Visualizing project management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. (cited)
  • Heerkins, G. (2001). Project management. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional.
  • Interactive Training Technologies. (n.d.). Matrix management. Retrieved July 29, 2009, from (cited)
  • Kerzner, H. (2009). Project management: A systems approach... Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Forms of Project Management (2011, December 28) Retrieved March 26, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Forms of Project Management" 28 December 2011. Web. 26 March. 2023. <>