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The paper addresses five issues or challenges between the Middle Ages and the French Revolution and their manifestation in society today. The paper discusses the role of religion and the contemporary problem of the separation of Church and state, the right of the individual and his responsibility to society and America's intense individualism today, the development of capitalism and America's imperfect system, the role of women in society as workers and citizens and the issue of nationalism and the role of the nation-state.
From the Paper:"Much has been said about the so-called 'culture war,' or divide between red and blue states America. Conventional wisdom suggests that there is a growing chasm between conservative and liberal individuals within the American nation. These culture wars regarding the role of religion, the individual, the role of the state in curtailing the abuses of capitalism, the role of women, and the role of nationalism are not new. Rather, such issues can be traced far back in history, back to the beginnings of the Enlightenment concepts that gave birth to the conceptual founding of the America 'experiment' in the first place.
"Perhaps most foundational to the development of these conflicts is the role of religion. The role of the Church and State was a contentious issue from even before the Middle Ages, extended well into the French Revolution, and beyond the eventual end of France's New Regime. Until the Protestant Reformation, the Roman Catholic Church was the only formal religious institution in Europe. The Almighty Church could make kings bend to its will, and the question of which institution had greater power, that of the monarch or that of the king was continually debated between the reigning Popes and the reigning kings of Europe. The idea that kings ruled by the will of God through divine right reinforced the importance of religion in society, as kings could not ignore the power of the Church when making policy (Hooker, 1996, The divine right)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Hooker, Richard. (1996). Capitalism. European Enlightenment Glossary.Retrieved August 3, 2009 at http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/GLOSSARY/CAPITAL.HTM
- Hooker, Richard. (1996). The divine right of kings. European Enlightenment Glossary.Retrieved August 3, 2009 at http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/GLOSSARY/DIVRIGHT.HTM
- Hooker, Richard. (1996). Social contract. European Enlightenment Glossary.Retrieved August 3, 2009 http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/GLOSSARY/SOCCON.HTM
Cite this Term Paper:
Five Culture Wars and Their Impact Today (2012, January 31) Retrieved March 02, 2024, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/five-culture-wars-and-their-impact-today-150325/
"Five Culture Wars and Their Impact Today" 31 January 2012. Web. 02 March. 2024. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/five-culture-wars-and-their-impact-today-150325/>