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This paper examines the psychological implications of false memories, which are associated with traumatic events. First, the paper traces the research on this phenomenon, citing various studies from the past several decades. Then, it notes psychiatrists and psychologists reports on the occurrence of false memories. The paper highlights a research study from the late 1950's that shows how false memories are created. The paper concludes with a call for more research in this area.
From the Paper:"They cite previous studies and what they found, and compare their study to these prior studies. They believe their study is different because it used different techniques and that it showed that their participants were quite confident their responses were correct, and they saw them as remembered responses, something other studies have not accomplished.
"There has been much study on false memories throughout the past few decades, largely because there have been reports of more false memories from psychiatrists and psychologists. This study helps bring greater understanding to the arena of false memories because instead of looking at memorization or "cued recall," it looks at free recall and the development of false memories. It is also important because it does show that there is a high rate of false recall in situations like this. The doctors write, "The false-alarm rate for the critical nonpresented items was much higher than for other related works that had not been presented" (Roediger & McDermott, 1995, p. 806). In addition, there were great numbers of students who were entirely confident that their false memories had indeed appeared on the lists, even when they had not appeared at all."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bennett, D. J. (1996). Where do false memories come from? An analysis of controlled and automatic components. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of South Florida, 1996.
- Bernstein, D., & Loftus, E. (2009, March). The consequences of false memories for food preferences and choices. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4(2), 135-139. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- Bjorklund, D.F. (2000). False-memory creation in children and adults: Theory, research, and implications. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum.
- Brainerd, C. J., & Reyna, V. F. (2005). The science of false memory. Oxford psychology series, no. 38. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Conway, M.A. (1997). Recovered memories and false memories. Debates in psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cite this Term Paper:
False Memories - An Overview (2012, May 15) Retrieved December 05, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/false-memories-an-overview-150969/
"False Memories - An Overview" 15 May 2012. Web. 05 December. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/false-memories-an-overview-150969/>