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The paper explains the field of epidemiology and the Epidemiologic Triangle. The paper focuses on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), the chronic, life-threatening condition that is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The paper addresses the primary, secondary and tertiary levels of prevention as well as the potential obstacles to HIV prevention activities taking place in clinical settings. The paper emphasizes how the response to this problem, short of finding a cure, is that of education and wide spread prevention efforts.
From the Paper:"Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first documented as a new disease in the United States when clinicians in New York, Los Angeles, and San Francisco began to see young, homosexual men with Pneumocystis carinii (now P jiroveci) pneumonia (PCP) and Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). These are unusual diseases for young adults and are not known to be immunosuppressed. The first report to show up in the medical literature that alerted the world to this new immunodeficiency syndrome emerged in June of 1981. It described five young, homosexual men in Los Angeles with PCP. The observation that followed a few weeks later was a report of 26 homosexual men, from both New York and San Francisco, with KS (four of whom also had PCP). Other reports soon followed of a similar syndrome in injecting drug users. All of these individuals shared a profound immunodeficiency, which is a depletion of CD4-positive, or T-helper, lymphocytes. In 1982, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a report of 34 cases of KS and opportunistic infections (OIs) in Haitians living in several different states in the United States, none of whom reported homosexual behavior. Not long after the CDC reported a PCP among persons with hemophilia. The first case in a transfusion recipient was reported in San Francisco in late 1982. "For a short time, the new disease was called gay-related immunodeficiency syndrome (GRIDS), but by September of 1982, the CDC had published a case definition, using the current designation of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in print, and it was rapidly adopted by researchers" (Osmond, 2003)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- ABCs Of Aids Prevention - Presentation Transcript. (2009). Retrieved September 3, 2009, from Slideshare Web site: http://www.slideshare.net/drsujnanendra/ab-cs-of-aids-prevention
- CDC Responds to HIV/AIDS. (2009). Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/aboutDHAP.htm
- HIV/AIDS. (2009). Retrieved September 4, 2009, from MayClinic Web site: http://www.bing.com/health/article.aspx?id=articles%2fmayo%2f4821A3514D5E3DA2 C4B81F7A31C54725.html&br=lv&q=aids
- Osmond, Dennis. (2003). Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in the United States. Retrieved September 4, 2009, from UCSF Web site: http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite?page=kb-01-03
- Primary and Secondary HIV Prevention. (2008). Retrieved from United States Department of Veterans Affairs Web site: http://www.hiv.va.gov/vahiv?page=prtop08-ov-01
Cite this Term Paper:
Epidemiology of AIDS (2012, January 29) Retrieved February 28, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/epidemiology-of-aids-150166/
"Epidemiology of AIDS" 29 January 2012. Web. 28 February. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/epidemiology-of-aids-150166/>