Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution
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The paper relates that the Enlightenment was an attempt to apply the principles of the Scientific Revolution to the problems of society. The paper defines the era of the Enlightenment and discusses the emergence of empiricism that directly contradicted the authority of the Church. Changes in the areas of medical practices, economics and mathematics and the rise of the idea of a nation-state based on the philosophies of Jacques-Benigne Bossuet and Thomas Hobbes are also discussed. The paper emphasizes that without the prior success of the Scientific Revolution in disproving the long held beliefs, the ideals of the Enlightenment would never have been accepted or even considered.
From the Paper:"The western world was once very different from what we know it today. Where freethinking is now encouraged and dogma suppressed, it was inconceivable for our ancestors to question the status quo or the assumed knowledge. Following the fall of ancient Rome to the hordes of marauding Visigoths, the Western World suffered a period of confusion, turmoil, and superstition known as the Dark Ages. Despite the emergence of Christianity as a world religion, and to a large degree because of it, much of the progress made in the Ancient World was lost until the Seventeenth Century (Wikipedia). But mankind finally came to see that the sky would not fall if once infallible but still erroneous information was challenged. Science and society, it was found, could stand up to the rigors of a thorough re-examination. Enlightenment was an attempt to apply the principles of the Scientific Revolution to the problems of society."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Butterfield, H. The Origins of Modern Science New York: The Free Press 1957
- Gay, P. The Enlightenment: The Science of Freedom. New York: W.W. Norton And Company 1977
- Wikipedia Age of Enlightenment Retrieved 10-25-2006 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Enlightenment
- Porter, R. The Enlightenment: Studies In European History New York: Palgrave 2001
Cite this Term Paper:
Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution (2009, October 07) Retrieved July 11, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/enlightenment-and-the-scientific-revolution-116544/
"Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution" 07 October 2009. Web. 11 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/enlightenment-and-the-scientific-revolution-116544/>