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The paper outlines Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, Douglas McGregor's theory X and theory Y, Frederick Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory and the need achievement theory. The paper touches upon the motivational concept of rewarding and reinforcing as well as the concept of coercion. The paper also briefly discusses how across cultures there will be differences in motivating employees.
From the Paper:"There are many different theories related to work motivation, but what is certain is that a positive motivation philosophy will improve productivity and quality in the work that is performed. Motivation helps employees to achieve goals that have been set, gives them power to change in positive ways, builds self-esteem, gives the power to possess a more positive outlook, and gives them the skills to manage their own development. The importance of motivation "in the workplace is captured in the equation promulgated by Victor Vroom's former mentor, N.R.F. Maier a half century ago: Job performance = ability x motivation" (Latham, 2007)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Herzberg, Frederick. (2008). One more time: How do you motivate employees? Harvard Business Press.
- Latham, Gary P. (2007). Work motivation: History, theory, research, and practice (Foundations for organizational science). Sage Publications, Inc.
- McGregor, Douglas. (2005). The human side of enterprise. McGraw-Hill; 1st edition.
- Smith, Peter B. et al. (2008). The handbook of cross-cultural management research. Sage Publications, Inc.
Cite this Term Paper:
Employee Motivation (2009, December 22) Retrieved December 05, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/employee-motivation-117842/
"Employee Motivation" 22 December 2009. Web. 05 December. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/employee-motivation-117842/>