Emotions in Decision Making Term Paper

Emotions in Decision Making
An analysis of the importance of emotions in effective decision-making.
# 94999 | 2,680 words | 15 sources | APA | 2005 | CA
Published on May 13, 2007 in Psychology (Social) , Psychology (Theory)

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This paper compares and contrasts the classical theories of human rationality with the bounded rationality model. It discusses the importance of emotions and the mechanisms in human cognition and everyday decision-making. The paper then aims to prove that the unconscious system of decision-making is inevitably activated because of natural selection and that humans are primarily driven by emotions. It also discusses how the loss of emotions corrupts decision-making ability.

Table of Contents:
Criticisms of the Classical Rationality
The Bounded Rationality Model

From the Paper:

"The Classical view of rationality holds that "the laws of human inference are equivalent to the laws of probability and logic." The concern is the methods of thinking and not the conclusions of the thinking . This is a normative theory as it suggests ways people ought to think in order to achieve their goals in an efficient, logical way. A good outcome yielded by a decision does not make that decision a good decision. Similarly, a good decision does not guarantee a good outcome. Examples of inferences labeled "irrational" are overconfidence, base-rate neglect, and the conjunction fallacy. These "cognitive illusions" actually help us a great deal in decision-making. These heuristics are applied unconsciously everyday in many situations. It does not make sense to contemplate and go through the logical calculation for every decision we are faced with. Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould writes, "Our minds are not built to work by the rules of probability"."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Baron, Thinking and Deciding [2nd Edition], Cambridge University Press, 1994 0-521-43732-6
  • Bickhard, Mark H, Critical Principles: On the Negative Side of Rationality; New Ideas in Psychology 20 (2002) 1-34
  • Brakel, Linda A. W. and Shervrin, Howard; Commentary on Stanovich, K. E. and West, R. F. "Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate?"; Behavioural and Brain Sciences (2003) 26, 527-534
  • Chase, Valerie M., Ralph Hertwig and Gerd Gigerenzer, Visions of Rationality, Trends in Cognitive Science Vol. 2, No. 6, June 1998
  • Chater, Nick; Oaksford, Mike; Nakisa, Ramin; and Redington, Martin; Fast, frugal, and rational: How rational norms explain behaviour; Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 90 (2003) 63-86

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APA Format

Emotions in Decision Making (2007, May 13) Retrieved March 01, 2024, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/emotions-in-decision-making-94999/

MLA Format

"Emotions in Decision Making" 13 May 2007. Web. 01 March. 2024. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/emotions-in-decision-making-94999/>