Durkheim and Marx on Social Disagreement Term Paper by scribbler

Durkheim and Marx on Social Disagreement
A review of the beliefs of Durkheim and Marx based on "The Sociological Tradition"by Robert Nisbet.
# 152973 | 816 words | 1 source | APA | 2013 | US
Published on May 01, 2013 in Sociology (Theory)


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Description:

The paper is based on "The Sociological Tradition" by Robert Nisbet and outlines how Durkheim viewed social phenomena in regards to their purpose in creating or making possible social unity. The paper explains Durkheim's discussion of two major kinds of social incorporation, automatic and natural, and his belief that difficulty does not lead to breakdown, but rather, to communal unity based on interdependence. The paper also looks at the views of Karl Marx, who proposed a class struggle between the working class and bourgeoisie innate to capitalist, manufacturing society. The paper outlines his class description and discusses how more and more class disagreement is apparent at the community level.

Outline:
Durkheim and Class
Marx and Class

From the Paper:

"The functionalist view centers on the position of communal objects or an actor, meaning it focuses on what they do. Durkheim supposed that agreement, rather than disagreement, defined society. He looks at social phenomena in regards to their purpose in creating or making possible social unity. He considered the division of labor, religious conviction and suicide from this viewpoint. Durkheim thought that unity was the standard state of society, and even though he documented the chaos connected with industrialization, he measured disagreement abnormal or pathological.
"Durkheim recognized two major kinds of social incorporation, automatic and natural. The first refers to incorporation that is founded on communal beliefs and feelings, while the latter refers to incorporation that comes from specialization and interdependence. These types imitate dissimilar behaviors that cultures ordered themselves. Where there is modest delineation in the types of labor that people engage in, incorporation founded on common viewpoints is often found in cultures where work is greatly set apart, unity is the result of shared reliance. The difference exposes Durkheim's philosophy about how contemporary cultures vary from earlier ones, and as a result, how harmony alters as a culture becomes more complex."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Nisbet, Robert. (1993). The Sociological Tradition. New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Durkheim and Marx on Social Disagreement (2013, May 01) Retrieved November 29, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/durkheim-and-marx-on-social-disagreement-152973/

MLA Format

"Durkheim and Marx on Social Disagreement" 01 May 2013. Web. 29 November. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/durkheim-and-marx-on-social-disagreement-152973/>

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