Drug Testing in the Workplace
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This paper takes the position that drug testing in the workplace is always coercive because the entire workplace is based on a contract, however, drug testing is justified under certain conditions. The paper argues that drug testing has to be relevant to job performance and the employer should always use the least intrusive means for testing. The paper asserts that drug testing for employees who are in charge of other people's lives or well-being is justified when there is good cause to believe that work performance is affected or a situation of danger is created.
From the Paper:"In order to determine, on the grounds of privacy, whether an employer is morally justified in using workplace drug testing, it is essential to clarify definitions and to make certain distinctions. DesJardins and Duska (96) understand the term 'privacy' to be "an employee right by which we mean a presumptive moral entitlement to receive certain goods or be protected from certain harms in the workplace". The right to privacy should protect the employee from being placed in a coercive position. The same authors regard the employer-employee relationship as contractual, so that the obligations that each side takes on are voluntary. This is false because as Lippke points out, the relationship is unfairly balanced on the side of the employer due to "a crucial imbalance of power that exists in the marketplace" (89). The example of an airline pilot demonstrates that there are situations where health and safety issues are sometimes more important than autonomy. Nurses and doctors are in the same position of control over patients' well-being. The only justification for workplace drug testing would seem to be the utilitarian principle of the greatest good for the greatest number, but we cannot escape from the idea of coercion."
Cite this Term Paper:
Drug Testing in the Workplace (2003, October 01) Retrieved October 24, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/drug-testing-in-the-workplace-35328/
"Drug Testing in the Workplace" 01 October 2003. Web. 24 October. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/drug-testing-in-the-workplace-35328/>