Drinking while Pregnant Term Paper by Nicky

A look at the effects of alcohol on the fetus.
# 151176 | 1,805 words | 9 sources | APA | 2012 | US

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This paper argues that drinking alcohol while pregnant may result in birth defects or other medical abnormalities such as fetal-alcohol syndrome. Additionally, the paper also implies that alcohol consumption during pregnancy should be considered illegal. The various potential impairments caused by maternal alcohol intake are listed. Then the paper cites the research of various scholars in this area, all of whom discourage alcohol intake during any stage of pregnancy. Next, the paper explores possible legal action against women who drink during pregnancy, such as time in prison. The paper concludes by stating that the best possible method to get women to stop drinking alcohol during pregnancy is treatment.


Supporting Evidence

From the Paper:

"In the U.S., since 1989, Dr. Barbara St. John (2008), Assistant Professor of Nursing at Western Carolina University reports in "Social drinking among pregnant women, manufacturers of alcoholic beverages haves placed warnings about using alcohol when pregnant on the labels of every container of alcoholic beverages they have sold. In the report, "Alcohol use among pregnant and nonpregnant women of childbearing age - United States, 1991-2005," Dr. C.H. Denny, Dr. J. Tsai, R.L. Floyd and P.P. Green (2009), each with the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, report that the 2005 U.S. Surgeon General's advisory on alcohol use in pregnancy, specifically advises pregnant women to abstain from using alcohol, Despite this warning: "Alcohol use during pregnancy continues to be an important public health concern" "
"John (2008) points out that despite warnings, public health recommendations and campaigns and professional counseling, too many American women still drink alcohol while pregnant. In John's study, wine and beer depicted the beverages of choice for pregnant participants. These self-identified as older than average and highly educated women admitted to drinking while pregnant, usually during social situations."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Cave, E. (2004). The mother of all crimes: Human rights, criminalization, and the child born alive. Hants, England: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • Chudler, E.H. (2008). Alcohol and the brain. Neuroscience for Kids. Retrieved October 27, 2009 from http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/alco.html
  • Denny, C.H., Tsai, J., Floyd, R.L. & Green, P.P. (2009). Alcohol use among pregnant and nonpregnant women of childbearing age - United States, 1991-2005. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. US Center for Disease Control. Retrieved October 27, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1738209271.html
  • Eric, M., Vuckovic, N., Marcel, L., Culig, J. & Krivokuca, D. (2008). Alcohol abuse during pregnancy. Alcoholism. Centre for Study and Control of Alcoholism and Addictions, Zagreb. Retrieved October 27, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1653190091.html
  • Female lawmakers and laws criminalizing pregnant women who drink. (2007). National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse. Columbia University. Retrieved October 30, 2009 from http://www.jointogether.org/news/headlines/inthenews/2007/femalelawmakers-and-laws-on.html

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Drinking while Pregnant (2012, May 28) Retrieved April 20, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/drinking-while-pregnant-151176/

MLA Format

"Drinking while Pregnant" 28 May 2012. Web. 20 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/drinking-while-pregnant-151176/>