Do Primates Other Than Humans Swim?
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The paper looks at research that shows that several species are quite good swimmers. The paper discusses the findings that apes, chimpanzees, some species of monkeys, long-tailed macaques and Macaques are indeed capable of swimming.
From the Paper:"First, the human part of the story: humans can swim but must be taught to swim. According to Bob Hopkins, swimming instructor at the Sussex County YMCA in New Jersey, humans in the water "naturally go vertical" because "all of our body density is in our legs" and humans' buoyancy is in the chest - our lungs. Therefore, humans swim in a "non-horizontal position" and that creates a lot of resistance to forward movement through the water, Hopkins writes.
"Hopkins, who was trained at the U.S. Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs and is certified by the American Swim Coaches Association and the National Interscholastic Swim Coaches Association, explains that swimming requires humans to "reprogram [our] neuro muscular memory" which, until humans hit the water, only knows dry land muscular activities.
"Secondly, there are indeed primates that swim. The London Times reports that some naturalists are "shocked" when they see apes swim across a river in Borneo. In an April, 2008 piece, Lewis Smith writes that Orangutans had previously been thought of as non-swimmers, but on a research science trip to Borneo, scientists witnessed an Orangutan swimming across a wide river in order to get to "some of their favourite fruits at a conservation refuge on Kaja island" (Smith, 2008). Moreover, the Orangutan had not been identified previously as a swimmer, Smith adds, and the Orangutan that was being observed by the naturalists in Borneo (on Kaja Island) took a stick and stunned a fish before plucking it out of the water and eating it."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Ankel-Simons, Friderun. (2007). Primate Anatomy: An Introduction. St. Louis: Academic Press.
- British Broadcasting Company. (2007). Long-tailed macaque, crab-eating monkey, JavaMonkey, cynomolgus monkey. Retrieved June 5, 2009, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/wildfacts/factfiles/210.shtml.
- Britton, Dave, Groves, Colin, and Boles, Walter E. Aquatic Apes? Nature Australia, 28(2), 82-83.
- Coleman, Loren. (2007). Mysterious America: The Ultimate Guide to the Nation's Weirdest Wonders, Strangest Spots, and Creepiest Creatures. New York: SimonAnd Schuster.
- Hopkins, Bob. (2008). Sussex County YMCA. Retrieved June 5, 2009, fromhttp://www.seim-inc.org.
Cite this Term Paper:
Do Primates Other Than Humans Swim? (2011, November 16) Retrieved January 26, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/do-primates-other-than-humans-swim-148965/
"Do Primates Other Than Humans Swim?" 16 November 2011. Web. 26 January. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/do-primates-other-than-humans-swim-148965/>