Deviance and Criminology Term Paper by Master Researcher

Deviance and Criminology
A discussion on the social construction of deviance.
# 39570 | 900 words | 1 source | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Oct 10, 2003 in Sociology (Theory) , Criminology (General)

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This paper discusses primary, secondary and tertiary deviance and explains the social learning theory of Bandura. The paper looks at the scope and application of this theory and provides an example of its application. The paper concludes that the key to understanding deviance is through the understanding of culture, subculture and group norms.

Steps in the Organization of Deviance
Social Learning Theory

From the Paper:

"The social learning theory of Bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Bandura (1977) states: "Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action." (p22). Social learning theory explains human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, an environmental influences. The component processes underlying observational learning are: (1) Attention, including modeled events (distinctiveness, affective valence, complexity, prevalence, functional value) and observer characteristics (sensory capacities, arousal level, perceptual set, past reinforcement), (2) Retention, including symbolic coding, cognitive organization, symbolic rehearsal, motor rehearsal), (3) Motor Reproduction, including physical capabilities, self-observation of reproduction, accuracy of feedback, and (4) Motivation, including external, vicarious and self reinforcement."

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