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This paper examines the stages of human development, specifically comparing and contrasting the theories of various noted psychologists. First, the paper defines developmental stages as set benchmarks that are then met or failed to be met by individuals as they grow and develop. It also mentions that developmental theories are frequently based upon a set of principles, which are set forth in the paper. The paper then compares and contrasts the cognitive stages of Jean Piaget and the convention schemas of Ken Wilbur, demonstrating how they are different and how they are similar in applicability and developmental theory. The paper concludes by stating that both Piaget and Wilbur offer diverse perspectives to how post-conventional thought works, especially with regard to changes that are made in on a global or personal level to alter the outcome of events
From the Paper:"Among these principles is a demonstrative way to observe and describe essential development often through steps or stages. In an interesting world view type of developmental theory of western thought is a stepped progressive stage theory that supersedes age, and can even be applied to global actions. This theory developed or espoused by Ken Wilber. His operational steps include preconventional, concentional and post conventional as the only stages of thought and process. These ideas can be basically described using a analogy, in preconventional thinking on say speech a child (or even an adult learning a new language) demonstrates the idea of using the rules and schemes of the process with sounds, symbols and grammatical rule learning, then the language becomes conventional as he or she becomes conversational in the language, then finally when the language is no longer needed or falls into disuse, as a result of it no longer being used the actions of it become post-conventional and require recall or historical thought to engender. This schema can be utilized to describe historical processes as well as individual development."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Horowitz, Frances Degen. Exploring Developmental Theories: Toward a Structural/Behavioral Model of Development. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1987.
- Scotton, Bruce W., Allan B. Chinen, and John R. Battista, eds. Textbook of Transpersonal Psychiatry and Psychology. New York: Basic Books, 1996.
Cite this Term Paper:
Developmental Theories (2010, October 25) Retrieved October 01, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/developmental-theories-145105/
"Developmental Theories" 25 October 2010. Web. 01 October. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/developmental-theories-145105/>