Development of Language and Language Acquisition
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The paper discusses phonemes- phonetics, words, sentences and text as the four key features that make up the way the language develops and builds up. The paper reviews the three major approaches to language acquisition that are social interaction, relational frame and emergentism, and explains how they each have slightly different approaches to the way humans cognitively develop language, the basis for that development, and the manner in which that development becomes meaningful as a cultural or societal expression. The paper also points out that there remains a great deal of debate in the field of linguistic acquisition about how communication, speech and language became a part of the human experience.
From the Paper:"One of the key elements of cognition is language acquisition. Human language is inherently quite complex and requires using a set of symbols that may have variant meanings, interpretations, and a rather infinite number of possibilities using a finite number of elements. The use of cognitive language was, according to most scholars, part of human evolution that coincided with an increase in brain volume since it is largely processed through the Broca and Wernicke areas of the brain. Humans typically acquire language through social interaction at an early age and then build upon it as they mature. Language is thus deeply embedded in human culture. It is the way humans communicate and share information, of course; but it also signifies group identity, social stratification and "place and time." It allows a society to form a hierarchy that has a past, present and future, and allows for group planning and the more complex functions of society. For many, this cognitive faculty that enables humans to communicate is actually what makes us human (Lyons, 1992, 2-5).
"Within language, there must be some sort of an organization. The vocabulary, or words that make up a language, and the manner in which it is organized, merged, and honed becomes expression and grammar. In linguistics, the lexicon of a language is its organization - its vocabulary. It is a way to organize language vocabulary into rules so that the language can have structure and be taught to others - rather than seemingly random notations based on the whim of the speaker.
Sample of Sources Used:
- Atichison, J. (2003). Words in the Mind: An Introduction to the Mental Lexicon. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
- Blumer, H. (1986). Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
- Hayes, S., et.al., eds. (2001). Relational Frame Theory: A Post-Skinnerian Account of Human Language and Cognition. New York: Plenum Press.
- Hoff, E. and Shatz, M., eds. (2009). Blackwell Handbook of Language Development. New York: Wiley.
- Lyons, J. (1992). Language and Linguistics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cite this Term Paper:
Development of Language and Language Acquisition (2013, May 16) Retrieved November 22, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/development-of-language-and-language-acquisition-153283/
"Development of Language and Language Acquisition" 16 May 2013. Web. 22 November. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/development-of-language-and-language-acquisition-153283/>