Culture and Global Marketing Term Paper by 1nana1

Culture and Global Marketing
Discusses, with examples, the impact of culture on global marketing.
# 55905 | 3,485 words | 35 sources | APA | 2005 | GR
Published on Feb 08, 2005 in Business (International) , Business (Marketing) , Advertising (General)

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As the forces of globalization create a movement towards product standardization, cultural issues seem to continuously emerge. Several authors and researchers such as Hofstede, Hall and Trompenaar, whose main theories are explained in the paper, try to respond to these issues. However, large multinational enterprises (MNEs) seem to always fall into the trap and disregard concepts such as differentiation, localities, and adaptation. This essay identifies the impact of culture on global marketing by investigating the existing theories with the aid of examples of large-scale marketing decisions.

Table of Contents:
1.0 Origins of Culture and Impacts in Global Marketing
1.1 Political and Economic Forces
1.2 Technology
1.3 Geography
1.4 Social Institutions
2.0 Hofstede's Framework for Understanding Cultures
2.1 Individualism vs. Collectivism
2.2 Power Distance
2.3 Uncertainty Avoidance
2.4 Masculinity vs. Femininity
2.5 Long Term vs. Short Term Focus (Orientation)
3.0 Critical Evaluation of Hofstede's Framework
4.0 High/Low Context Cultures
5.0 Cross Cultural Negotiations and Communication
6.0 Environmental Sensitivity: Globalization, Localization and Adaptation in Marketing
7.0 Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Although important, the work of Hofstede can be- and has been- criticized in many ways. There are many weaknesses in his theory with the most important being the lack of subjectivity. The number of countries selected, as well as the number of people and the conditions under which they were interviewed, did not constitute a qualified sample for drawing sound conclusions, but merely gave a "snap shot" of how some cultures could behave. Likewise, while the framework successfully categorizes the different sets of cultural values, it fails to explain which of these is the most influential for the formulation of culture. In many instances the framework seems quite vague."

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