Criminological Theory Term Paper by JCowie024

Criminological Theory
An overview of the field of criminological theory.
# 115942 | 891 words | 5 sources | APA | 2009 | US
Published on Aug 19, 2009 in Sociology (Theory) , Psychology (Theory) , Criminology (General)

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The paper lists six theories that promote a viable explanation for the reasons that people commit crime. The paper discusses the variables that need to be considered in the analysis of crime that include the increased opportunities to commit crime today, the types of living environments criminals come from and whether or not the criminal is mentally incapacitated. Different methodologies that could be used to evaluate the causes of crime are also examined briefly.

Why People Commit Crime
Increase in Opportunities
Living Environment Conditions
Crime and Mental Health Illness
Theory Methodologies

From the Paper:

"The study of human behavior is an extremely complex process. The process becomes even more complicated when attempting to study human behavior and its relationships as to why people commit crimes. Criminological theory is defined as, "an opportunity to analyze and critique the way others have looked at crime throughout history." (Williams and McShane, p. 1). The study of this relationship known as criminology began to receive recognition in the 1700's. Cesare Beccaria is considered one of the founders of criminology study based on the book by entitled, "On Crimes and Punishment." (Williams and McShane, p. 15). It began the Classical School of criminological theory and served for the basis of development of several other theories in the field."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Fitzgerald, J. and Cox, S. (2002). Research Methods and Statistics in Criminal Justice. Retrieved from University of Phoenix Eresource on August 7, 2009.
  • Howard, G. Newman, G., Pridemore, W.A. (2000). Theory, Method, and Data in Comparative Criminology. Measurement and Analysis of Crime and Justice. Vol. 4. Retrieved from: on August 8, 2009.
  • Moore, S. (2009). Mentally Ill Offenders Strain Juvenile System. Retrieved from: on August 10, 2009.
  • Tittle, C. (2000). Theoretical Developments in Criminology. The Nature of Crime: Continuity and Change. Vol. 1. Retrieved from: on August 8, 2009.
  • Williams, F. and McShane, M. (2004). Criminological Theory. Fifth Ed. Retrieved from University of Phoenix Eresource on August 7, 2009.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Criminological Theory (2009, August 19) Retrieved October 01, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Criminological Theory" 19 August 2009. Web. 01 October. 2023. <>