Counseling Those with Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit Disorder Term Paper by scribbler

Counseling Those with Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit Disorder
A review of the research on best practices for clinical interventions for those with learning disabilities and attention deficit disorder.
# 153162 | 1,222 words | 11 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on May 05, 2013 in Psychology (Disorders)

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This paper explores treatment modalities for learning disabilities and attention deficit disorder to determine the best practices that are available for clinical interventions. The paper finds that many learning disabilities are inextricably interrelated to attention deficit disorder, and that despite an increasing amount of attention by researchers and healthcare practitioners, there remains a dearth of effective counseling approaches that can be used for the effective treatment of these conditions. The paper looks at the combination of pharmacological interventions and counseling and concludes by calling for more research in this area.

Review and Discussion

From the Paper:

"There are a number of clinical interventions available for counselors treating those with learning disabilities. For instance, the ability-training approach seeks to mitigate weak psychological processes which are internal to the patient (Leko & Griffin, 2009). In addition, a number of medical interventions are available including pharmacological, physical, occupational, and speech and language therapies (Leko & Griffin, 2009).
"Clearly, learning disabilities are frequently associated with attention deficit disorders, a condition that is also linked with poor school performance, as well as delinquent behavior (Moffitt, 1990). It should be noted, though, that the diagnosis is certainly not new. In fact, as early as 1890, William James reported that the characteristics that are currently associated with attention deficient disorder in young people had a neurological basis. By the turn of the 20th century, an increasing amount of research had been focused on this complex disorder that has continued and received additional impetus in recent years (Barkley, 1990).
"A commonly used pharmacological intervention for attention deficit disorder is the drug Ritalin, which is a prescription amphetamine drug, which is especially subject to abuse by some younger patients (Johnston, 2008). Moreover, Morton (2002) cites the apparent increase in the diagnosis of attention deficient disorders in recent years, particularly with the so-called "Millennial Generation.""

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Barkley, R. A. (1997). ADHD and the nature of self-control. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Chronis, A., Pelham, W. E., Jr., & Wheeler, T. (1998). Empirically supported psychosocial treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 27(2), 205.
  • Elksnin, L. K. & Elksnin, N. (2004). The social-emotional side of learning disabilities. Learning Disability Quarterly, 27(1), 3-4.
  • Johnston, L. D. (2008). Various stimulant drugs show continuing gradual declines among teens in 2008, most illicit drugs hold steady. University of Michigan. Retrieved from http://
  • Leko, M. M. & Griffin, C. C. (2009). Articulating learning disabilities in the digital age. L Learning Disability Quarterly, 32(2), 70-72.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Counseling Those with Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit Disorder (2013, May 05) Retrieved March 05, 2024, from

MLA Format

"Counseling Those with Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit Disorder" 05 May 2013. Web. 05 March. 2024. <>