Converting Sugar into Fuel
$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now
The paper discusses the hunt for an alternative fuel source that does not harm the environment and looks at how Brazil has already paved the way for a shift away from a gasoline-dependent fuel to a more sugar-derived ethanol dependent fuel. However, the paper discusses ethanol's limitations and describes how scientists are actively working on producing other kinds of energy-efficient fuel from sugar derived from biomass. The paper notes the various degrees of success that have been achieved by several teams working towards this goal, and concludes that progress in the field of developing new fuels from sugars and other biomass derivatives has been steady.
From the Paper:"Now, ethanol has several drawbacks in that it becomes easily contaminated by absorbing water from the atmosphere, evaporates easily, requires a high energy consuming distillation process and has a low energy density. In 2006, a team of scientists led by Prof. James Dumesic at the University of Wisconsin-Madison reported the development of a new method of converting the sugar present in fruits or fructose into fuel. This process converts fructose into DMF or 2, 5- dimethylfuran. This liquid fuel possesses almost as much energy as petrol and 40% more energy than ethanol. This is a two-stage process wherein fructose is first converted to hydroxymethylfurfural -- HMF in water in the presence of a solvent with low-boiling-point with the aid of an acid catalyst."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Centi, Gabriele; Santen, Rutger A. van. Catalysis for renewables. Wiley-VCH, 2007.
- Dinham, Barbara; Hines, Colin. Agribusiness in Africa. Africa World Press. 1984.
- Enger, E. D; Smith, B. F. Environmental Science: A study of interrelationships. McGraw Hill. 1997.
- European Conference of Ministers of Transport, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Cutting transport CO2 emissions. OECD Publishing, 2007.
- Highfield, Roger. Scientists manage to turn sugar into fuel. The Telegraph, 21 June, 2007. pp: 5-6.
Cite this Term Paper:
Converting Sugar into Fuel (2011, October 11) Retrieved May 23, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/converting-sugar-into-fuel-148346/
"Converting Sugar into Fuel" 11 October 2011. Web. 23 May. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/converting-sugar-into-fuel-148346/>