Community Policing: A Look at the Neighborhood Watch
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The paper explains how community policing arose from the public's dissatisfaction with traditional policing, and relates that community policing is effective in reducing crime, particularly in suburban areas. The paper presents some statistics on community policing and focuses on one of the most common and best-known forms of community policing, the Neighborhood Watch. The paper identifies the benefits of Neighborhood Watch groups and discusses the reasons for the effectiveness of these groups. The paper concludes that effective crime control requires collaboration between police, institutions outside law support, and the public.
From the Paper:"Community policing arose from dissatisfaction with traditional policing. According to Brogden (1999), traditional police work focuses primarily on fighting serious crime. Proponents of community policing claim that this framework of policing has failed to serve the needs of the community and that traditional police work ignores the factors that most communities regard as priority. Fleming (2005) adds that traditional crime control methods failed to adequately address crime. Brogden (1999) explains that traditional policing "has been faced with several inter-linked crises - of operations (policing practices are highly ineffective at dealing with crime): of efficiency in crime prevention, especially in the failure to enlist the potential of citizens and communities in this process of crime prevention, and in dealing with the symptoms rather than the causes of crime; of professionalism (the lack of relations between higher police pay, codes of conduct, and effectiveness); and of accountability" (p. 173). Fleming (2005) adds that in the second half of the twentieth century, attitudes toward policing shifted to a more community-style policing. As a result, police forces sought to develop a closer relationship with local communities. This led to a change in focus for police to include a concern for community interaction and sensitivities, and recognition that citizens are more concerned with quality of life factors rather than crime control, emergency response, and justice functions to include objectives of crime prevention, fear reduction, and improved responses to general emergencies (Brogden, 1999)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Alldredge, P. (2009). The Contradictions of Neighborhood Watch: The Growth and Success of a Failed Crime Prevention Strategy. Conference Papers -- American Sociological Association, 1. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
- Bennett, T., Holloway, K., & Farrington, D. (2006). Does neighborhood watch reduce crime? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 2(4), 437-458. doi:10.1007/s11292-006-9018-5
- Brogden, M. M. (1999). CHAPTER 10: Community Policing as Cherry Pie. In , Policing Across the World (pp. 167-186). Taylor & Francis Ltd / Books. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
- U.S. Department of Justice. (2011). Community policing. Office of Justice Programs: Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=81#terms_def
- Fleming, J. (2005). 'Working Together': Neighbourhood Watch, Reassurance Policing and the Potential of Partnerships. Trends & Issues in Crime & Criminal Justice, (303), 1-6. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Cite this Term Paper:
Community Policing: A Look at the Neighborhood Watch (2013, June 06) Retrieved December 10, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/community-policing-a-look-at-the-neighborhood-watch-153502/
"Community Policing: A Look at the Neighborhood Watch" 06 June 2013. Web. 10 December. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/community-policing-a-look-at-the-neighborhood-watch-153502/>