Community Corrections - An Overview
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This paper presents an overview of the community corrections approach to criminal justice, in which the criminal offender may be confined to prison, but also is provided with programs and services following release in order to enable their successful reintegration back into society. The paper further notes that this approach is intended to improve public safety and to deter future criminal behavior Various programs are listed that would help the criminal reintegrate into society, such as job training, addiction counseling and anger management. Also, different systems of criminal justice are noted, such as those in Cuba, Australia and the US. The paper argues that the US could learn from the restorative justice perspective of Cuba and Australia. The paper concludes by stating that restorative justice should be employed in America when dealing with the nonviolent offender and the juvenile offender while re-education should be the focus of adult corrections.
From the Paper:"The effectiveness of community corrections directly impacts not only the community member and the individual state but the criminal justice system as a whole.Currently in American society the correctional system in most states are facing major challenges. Because America has the largest prison population in the world and this population only continues to grow the correctional systems are experiencing immense prison overcrowding. Due to this major overcrowding the response has been to build more prisons which have resulted in an increasein cost for the taxpayer (BJA, 2009). Prison overcrowding also impacts the level of public safety received by the community member when violent offenders are released on parole due to the mass overcrowding issue."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bureau of Justice Assistance. (2009). Justice Issues: Corrections. Retrieved November 6, 2011 from http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/BJA/topics/corrections.html
- Elizalde, R. (2007). Cuba: Crime or Punishment in Cuba. Retrieved November 6, 2011 from http://www.axisoflogic.com/artman/publish/Article_24976.shtml
- File, P. (2007). What Works in Community Corrections. Retrieved November 6, 2011 from www.pewcenteronthestates.org/.../Petersilia-Community-Corrections
Cite this Term Paper:
Community Corrections - An Overview (2011, December 13) Retrieved July 11, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/community-corrections-an-overview-149385/
"Community Corrections - An Overview" 13 December 2011. Web. 11 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/community-corrections-an-overview-149385/>