Community-based Incarceration and Criminal Justice Term Paper by Quality Writers

Community-based Incarceration and Criminal Justice
An analysis of the media's role in criminal justice issues and a look at community-based alternatives to incarceration.
# 103869 | 2,706 words | 12 sources | APA | 2008 | US

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This paper reviews a number of issues pertaining to criminal justice. Firstly, the paper look at the role of the media in criminal justice issues. It then discusses whether or not the criminal justice system can legitimately be called a "system" or whether another description is apt. The paper also examines community-based alternatives to incarceration and, lastly, examines how restorative and community-based approaches to punishment are preferable to punishment-based approaches.

Table of Contents:
Criminal Justice: Specific Issues
Issue One: The Role of the Media
Issue Two: Major Components of the Criminal Justice System
Issue Three: Community-based Alternatives to Prison
Issue Four: Community/Restorative Justice Models and their Difference from Punitive Models of Justice

From the Paper:

"Going further, the simple reality is that one study after another seems to illustrate the fact that punitive criminal justice (incarceration, long sentences, the de-emphasis of diversionary programs by justices when passing sentence) does nothing to reduce crime on its own (Wilson et al, 2002). Ostensibly, all human beings are blessed with a certain measure of capital - intellectual and emotional capital being the most important - and maximizing this human capital by teaching individuals how to serve others, how to behave responsibly and how to curb darker impulses is the best way by which a society can reduce the likelihood that it will become over-run by crime. It may also be added that the essential reason why community-based and restorative justice models are gaining such favor (they have been, albeit to varying degrees, in favor among academics since at least the 1970s) is because the failings of punishment-based justice - the over-crowding of American prisons, high recidivism rates, the growing cost of keeping people behind bars - have become manifest in the eyes of many close observers and new, more innovative approaches are desperately needed."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Armour, M.P. (2005). Bridges to life: Evaluation of an in-prison restorative justice intervention. Medicine and Law, 24(4): 831-851.
  • Koss, M.P. (2003). Restorative justice for sexual violence: repairing victims, building community, and holding offenders accountable. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 989: 384-396.
  • Wilson, Robin J., Huculak, Bria, and McWhinnie, Andrew. (2002). Restorative justice innovations in Canada. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 20: 363-380.
  • Cebulak, Wojciech. (2001). Fairness, job frustration, and moral dilemmas in policing that impact police effectiveness. Journal of Police & Criminal Psychology, 16(2): 48-57.
  • Muzzatti, Stephen L. (2005). Bits of falling sky and global pandemics: Moral panic and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). Illness, Crisis & Loss, 13(2): 117-128.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Community-based Incarceration and Criminal Justice (2008, May 29) Retrieved December 06, 2022, from

MLA Format

"Community-based Incarceration and Criminal Justice" 29 May 2008. Web. 06 December. 2022. <>