Cloning - An Overview Term Paper by Nicky

A look at some issues involved with cloning.
# 150920 | 1,150 words | 5 sources | MLA | 2012 | US
Published on May 02, 2012 in Biology (Biotechnology) , Biology (Bioethics) , Hot Topics (Stem Cell Research)

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This paper presents an overview of cloning, specifically discussing ethical and moral issues involved in this process. First, the paper defines cloning. Then, it addresses the controversial aspects of cloning, particularly that some consider it to be as an unnatural way to create new life. The paper defends cloning, pointing out that multiple births are a natural type of cloning. Additionally, the paper presents the viewpoint of right to life advocates and those that opposed stem cell research. It also describes misuse, such as cloning a pet. The paper concludes by stating that the implications of cloning are far reaching, since it may lead to innovations and technologies in medicine that can help cure some of the most debilitating and fatal illnesses known to humans. This paper contains footnotes.

From the Paper:

"One of the most serious problems with cloning is the use of embryos, which right-to-life advocates staunchly oppose. Harris note, "Since currently the most promising source of stem cells for research and therapeutic purposes is either aborted fetuses or pre-implantation embryos, their recovery and use for current practical purposes seems to turn crucially on the moral status of the embryo and the fetus." However, stem cells harvested from fetuses and embryos have shown promising results in a number of diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, which is why well-known people like Nancy Reagan and Michael J. Fox have come out in support of the research. Former President Reagan suffered from Alzheimer's, gaining Nancy Reagan's support, and Fox suffers from Parkinson's. Two other writers note, "The goal of therapeutic cloning, in turn, is not the birth of a human, but the extraction of replacement tissue or re- placement organs in order to heal serious, degenerative diseases (for example, brain and nerve disorders such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's)." However, there are still moral and ethical issues regarding therapeutic cloning, and that helps develop misunderstanding and distrust of the idea of cloning and stem cell research."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Animal Cloning No Barnyard Bijou." The Washington Times 14 Dec. 2006: A21.
  • Fiester, Autumn. "Creating Fido's Twin: Can Pet Cloning Be Ethically Justified?." The Hastings Center Report 35.4 (2005): 34+.
  • Harris, John. On Cloning. New York: Routledge, 2004.
  • "House Defeats Democrats' Cloning Bill; Critics Warn of Loophole on Embryos." The Washington Times 7 June 2007: A06.
  • Voneky, Silja, and Rudiger Wolfrum, eds. Human Dignity and Human Cloning. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2004.

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