Citrus Sinensis, the Modern Orange Term Paper by scribbler

Citrus Sinensis, the Modern Orange
A review of the plant known as Citrus Sinensis, the modern orange.
# 152592 | 874 words | 7 sources | MLA | 2013 | US
Published on Mar 24, 2013 in Business (Industries) , Nutrition (Food) , Agricultural Studies (General)

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The paper provides an overview of the modern orange and looks at the history of the citrus industry. The paper describes the varieties of orange and their characteristics; these include the blood orange, the navel orange, the Persian orange and the Valencia orange, and provides a table that illustrates the nutritional content of the orange. The paper discusses the production of oranges around the world and presents a second table that outlines the many uses of the orange. In conclusion, the paper provides a future outlook of the industry.

From the Paper:

"The plant known as Citrus Sinensis is the modern orange, likely a hybrid of two historical plants, the pomelo and the mandarin. It is typically a small flowering tree that grows about 10 m tall. The orange has evergreen leaves, arranged alternately, with an ovate shape. The orange fruit is actually a type of berry, and typically presents 3-5 per blooming pod. Based on modern genetics, scientists think the orange originated in Southeast Asia. Citrus Sinensis is called the sweet orange to differentiate it from the bitter orange, also an Asian plant. Most believe the name originated in Sanskrit, and then redeveloped into new languages based on the timing and introduction of the plant to various countries (e.g. in some countries it is called the apple of China - Dutch, for instance, sinaasappel; German, Apfelsine) (Agriculture).
"From archaeological evidence, we know that there were citrus trees in ancient Egypt, throughout the realm of Alexander the Great, and throughout Roman and Medieval times, references to Persian citrus. By the time of Columbus, literature showed that the sweet orange, similar to today's variety, was valued in Europe as many of the trade routes were closed by Muslum aggression. By time of the American revolution, however, not only were oranges part of the colonial empires, but figs, quinces, pears, etc. were part of the luxury set."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Agriculture, U.S. Department of. "Citrus sinensis." June 2010. USDA- Agricultural Resources Information Network. <>.
  • Laszlo, P. Citrus: A History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
  • Nations, The United. "Oranges - Food and Agricultural Commodties and Producers." 2005. Economic and Social Deparment of the FAO United Nations. <>.
  • Service, USDA Agricutlrual Research. "Oranges - Nutrient Data." 2010. USDA National Nutrient Database. <>.
  • Siebert, T. "Citrus Variety Collection." 2009. University of California Riverside. <>.

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