Children and Criminal Law in Canada Term Paper by Nicky

Children and Criminal Law in Canada
An overview of children's rights in the Canadian legal system and the efforts being made to protect them.
# 146599 | 1,827 words | 5 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Jan 04, 2011 in Law (International) , Law (General) , Canadian Studies (General)

$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now


This paper deals with the issue of children's rights in criminal and international law in general and looks at Canadian laws in particular. It discusses the fact that in 2002 the federal government created a new juvenile justice system that provided increased options for dealing more adequately with criminal offenses relating to juveniles than did the previous law. It goes on to explain that many of these changes are particularly relevant in terms of the criminal justice system and the attempts to protect the child both as a victim and a witness.

Sexual offences and changes and amendments to the law

From the Paper:

''However, many critics also point out the intricate and complex nature of child abuse often necessitates measures that extend beyond legal aspects alone (Hornick and Bolitho, 1992). This refers to the view that many children witnesses find their role traumatic and have difficulty in facing the accused in court.
''Among the laws that were implemented to meet these goals was the abolishment of the evidentiary requirement for penetration; this meant that legal action could be taken to protect then child across a much broader range of actions. Other evidentiary rules that were also changed included the rule of recent complaint, which was also abolished. This was important as the child who was abused may only disclose the details of the offence at a much later date due to fear or circumstances. Requirements for corroboration in child sexual offence cases were also amended, making the prosecution of offenders easier. This has resulted in the fact that in the contemporary situation a child's evidence can be heard and assessed in terms of the credibility and the legal weight that it deserves, without having to be corroborated by a third party (Respecting Child Witnesses and Delivering Justice, 2004)''

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Children's Rights: Canada. Retrieved March 10, 2009, from
  • Covell K. (2006) The Rights of Children Part Two: Children's rights and child discipline. Retrieved March 10, 2009, from
  • Child Witnesses in Canada: Where We've Been, Where We're Going. ( 2002) Child Witness Project. Centre for Children and Families in the Justice System. Retrieved March 10, 2009, from
  • Hornick J. and Bolitho F. ( 1992) REVIEW OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE LEGISLATION IN SELECTED SITES (abstract). NCJRS. NCJ 141635. Retrieved March 10, 2009, from
  • Respecting Child Witnesses and Delivering Justice. (2004) A report Edited by Justice For Children. Justice for Children Reform Group. Retrieved March 10, 2009, from

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Children and Criminal Law in Canada (2011, January 04) Retrieved December 10, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Children and Criminal Law in Canada" 04 January 2011. Web. 10 December. 2023. <>